Winter is a dangerous season for the elderly, how to prevent the “number one winter health killer”?

During the cooling season, if you’re not careful, your cardiovascular system can light up, especially in the elderly. If you want to have a healthy cardiovascular system, pay attention to these symptoms!

I. Be on the lookout for cardiovascular disease entering its peak in autumn and winter!

  1. High blood pressure fluctuations

In autumn and winter climate, the temperature difference between morning and night is large, while the human blood vessels contract, the pressure of the blood vessel wall will be relatively high, and the fluctuation of blood pressure will be relatively large, especially when the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is large, the fluctuation of blood pressure will be more obvious. The elderly, on the other hand, will experience extreme contraction due to poor vascular elasticity, leading to spasm, unstable blood pressure and induced cardiovascular accidents.

In addition, vasoconstriction leads to an increase in blood pressure, which also increases the burden on the heart, making angina and heart attacks more likely. Studies have shown that the risk of heart disease will increase by 7% for every 10 degrees Celsius drop in temperature.

  1. Elevated blood cholesterol

Hypercholesterolemia is closely related to cardiovascular disease, as autumn and winter make it easier to consume high-calorie, high-fat foods, and if blood cholesterol and triglycerides are not controlled, the risk of heart attack or stroke increases.

  1. Reduced outdoor activities

Usually many elderly people have the habit of practicing in the morning, but in autumn and winter, because the weather is getting colder, many elderly people stay at home and are reluctant to go out, so the amount of exercise naturally decreases. Coupled with vasoconstriction, slow blood flow, these also increase the problem of deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities.

4, satiety

“Autumn and winter nourishment, the next year to fight the tiger”, you can see that the tradition of autumn nourishment has a long history. However, if you are too full, your diaphragm will be raised, which will affect your heart function; in order to digest the food, the amount of blood flowing into the digestive system will increase, and the oxygen consumption will also increase, which will increase the load on the heart and make it easy to have acute myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction.

Fall and winter are dangerous seasons for seniors, how to “winterize” safely? Refuse to let cardiovascular problems occur?

Second, take effective measures to protect the “heart” to reduce the occurrence of autumn and winter accidents

In response to the cold weather of autumn and winter weather characteristics of the climate, the elderly should pay attention to take these effective measures to reduce the occurrence of accidents.

1, pay attention to keep warm

Middle-aged and elderly people have a poor ability to adapt to changes in temperature, and the cold will cause vasospasm, increased blood pressure, so that vasodilatory dysfunction. So before the elderly go out in autumn and winter, remember to do a good job of keeping warm, bring a warm enough jacket, scarf, hat, gloves, in addition to masks should not forget. Especially for those who are suffering from cardiovascular disease, it is important to keep warm to avoid cardiovascular problems.

2、Timely monitoring of blood pressure

The high incidence of cardiovascular disease in the fall and winter is also associated with large fluctuations in blood pressure, so it is even more important for seniors with high blood pressure to monitor their blood pressure more closely, measure it every day, and make sure it is measured often enough to be fully aware of changes in blood pressure.

It is important to measure blood pressure every day, and to do so as often as possible to fully understand changes in blood pressure, especially immediately after waking up.

3、Adequate intake of water

Fall and winter, the weather is too dry, if you inhale dry air, exhale moist exhaust, then invariably will take away a lot of water in the human body, resulting in increased blood viscosity, it is easy to cause cardiovascular disease.

So pay attention to the intake of enough water, to ensure that every day there are fresh fruits and vegetables intake, to meet the daily human body needs half of the water. In addition after waking up, exercise should also be supplemented with water in a timely manner. Especially after the exercise, if there is sweating, all should be timely intake of water, and exercise to add water should be a small amount, multiple, slow drink best.

4, the right amount of exercise

The best time of day to do fitness exercise: 5:00 in the morning; exercise should not be too much, should be maintained 3 to 5 times a week, 30-60 minutes each time of moderate intensity exercise, which is more conducive to cardiovascular health. It is recommended to choose walking, fast running, jogging and other sports, but the speed should be controlled, not too fast.

With the unpredictable weather, boosting your body’s protection can’t be delayed! With the right precautions, give your heart an extra layer of care, peace of mind, and good health!