Did Zhou Enlai, who was propagated by the Chinese Communist Party as the “good premier of the people”, speak of humanity? If you see Zhou’s “touching words” when he heard the suffering of some people, if you see some people’s memories of how Zhou “protected others” and “cared for others”, the answer is obviously “Yes”. However, when we turn the full-angle lens on Zhou Enlai, when faced with the choice of party spirit or humanity, what answer did Zhou Enlai give? One might as well start with his treatment of his benefactors.
Exterminating Gu Shunzhang’s family and killing the benefactor who saved his life
In 1931, Gu Shunzhang, an early leader of the Chinese Communist Party and the head of a secret agent organization of the Chinese Communist Party, was captured by the Kuomintang and chose to surrender to the Kuomintang and gave up a large amount of confidential information of the Chinese Communist Party, and Zhou Enlai, who was engaged in intelligence work in Shanghai, was almost captured.
After his escape, Zhou Enlai personally directed the retaliation against Gu Shunzhang, whose family and a total of more than ten people who were in Gu’s house at that time were killed by the Red Team members of the Chinese Communist Party’s Special Branch. Wu Ji Min, who has done a lot of research on this, wrote the book “Zhou Enlai and the Shanghai Bloodbath”, which was published in Taiwan. In the book, it was revealed that Zhou Enlai and a group of other people came to Gu Shunzhang’s residence at 802 Weihaiwei Road in Shanghai one after another. At that time, Gu Shunzhang’s wife Zhang Xinghua was playing mahjong with Sili, Zhu Wanbai and Zhu Wanbai’s wife. After seeing Zhou Enlai, Zhang Xinghua asked her sister Zhang Aibao to take over, while she herself let Zhou Enlai into her bedroom. As Zhou Enlai locked eyes with the others at the poker table, both Zhou Enlai and Sili recognized each other.
Sili, a student at the Whampoa Military Academy, worked as a secretary at the General Political Department during the Northern Expedition and joined the Chinese Communist Party. His brother, Sili, was the commander of the Second Division of the Nationalist 26th Army, and it was he who ordered the shooting at Baoshan Road during the “April 12th” purge of the Nationalist Party.
Except for the biography of Zhou Enlai compiled by the Central Literature Publishing House, almost all foreign journalists mentioned that Zhou Enlai had been detained by the Kuomintang army and that the brother of a Kuomintang division commander had set him free when they wrote about the “April 12” purge. British writer Dick Wilson wrote: “The brother of the divisional commander, who had been a student of Zhou’s at Huangpu when he was arrested, helped him escape.” This division commander’s brother was Sili. Zhou Enlai recalled in Shanghai on December 22, 1957: “A Kuomintang division commander based in Zhabei named S Lie, whose brother S Li came out of the Whampoa Military Academy and was a student of mine, and S Lie used this relationship to negotiate with us …… S Lie wrote me a letter asking me to go and talk, and I I was tricked into going. At that time, my deputy commander (referring to Gu Shunzhang) also went.” This also confirms the close relationship between S Lie and Zhou Enlai at that time.
According to “Zhou Enlai and the Shanghai Bloodbath,” after recognizing Sili, Zhou Enlai secretly cried out in anguish, and after following Zhang Xinghua into his bedroom, he informed him of Gu Shunzhang’s arrest and “mutiny,” and that Zhang Xinghua had chosen to follow Gu Shunzhang, so Zhou Enlai ordered her execution. Zhang Xing Hua was strangled to death. Others in the living room, including Sili, were also executed and buried in the patio.
It was reported that more than 30 family members, relatives and friends of Gu Shunzhang were killed by Zhou Enlai and others at that time. Later, Wang Shide, a Chinese Communist Party special agent who was involved in the assassination, was arrested and confessed the location of the buried body, and took the renters and police to exhume the body, which became the “Haitang Village exhumation case” that became a sensation in Shanghai and even in China. After the case, another group of secret organs of the Chinese Communist Party was discovered and busted, and Zhou Enlai was able to escape by moving to the Jiangxi Soviet.
The tragic end of the “father of armor” who saved Zhou Enlai’s life
In 1926, he participated in the Nationalist Northern Expedition and in February 1927, he became the chief of the First General Bureau of the Shanghai Police Department and in March, he became the head of the Sixth Regiment of the Zhejiang Provincial Defense Army. .
In 1927, he was dismissed from his post for covering for Zhang Qiuyang’s revolutionary activities and releasing 12 CCP members, including Zhou Enlai, who were on the arrest list. 1930, he became the Major General Chief of Staff of Bai Chongxi’s Seventy-ninth Division. 1932, during the Fourth Kuomintang In 1932, during the fourth Kuomintang “siege” of the Central Soviet Union, he was again dismissed for allegedly delaying the war on the pretext of collaborating with the enemy, and was sent to study in a special class at the Kuomintang Army University.
In 1936, Zhang Pei once again rescued the left-leaning “Seven Gentlemen” who were in prison. Since then, he has also risked his life to rescue members of the Chinese Communist Party. As a result, members of the Communist Party, including Zhou Enlai and Chen Yun, called Zhang Pei “big brother” along with the Zhang brothers.
After graduating from the Army University, Zhang Pei stayed there as a major general instructor, and personally set up the Department of Mecha Tactics, and also served as the director of the general officers’ class (a one-and-a-half-year training for Kuomintang generals and above) of the second and fourth classes of the Army University. It can be said that almost all the general officers under Chiang Kai-shek above the corps were his classmates or students.
In 1941, Zhang Pei left LU to form China’s armored corps at the Army Mechanization School, and in 1943, he took the lead as a lieutenant general in dispatching a group to the U.S. Army base in India to personally convey 800 outstanding students of the school’s armored corps, and after receiving training from the U.S. Army, formed China’s first armored corps and joined the Chinese Expeditionary Force to participate in the Allied operations in northern Burma, achieving good results.
After the victory of the war, the pro-Communist Zhang Pei left the Army University for Hong Kong under the arrangement of the Chinese Communist Party, and persuaded the chairman of Zhejiang Province, Chen Yi, to join the Chinese Communist Party when he passed through Hangzhou. in February 1949, at the invitation of the Chinese Communist Party, he returned to the mainland from Hong Kong and prepared the first military academy of the Chinese Communist Party, serving as the head of the war affairs group and the first deputy director of the Armor Professorship Research Association. Due to his reputation at the Army University, Zhang Pei helped the CCP recruit at least 58 instructors above the rank of Major General of the Kuomintang, who trained a large number of armored mechanized personnel for the CCP.
In the first few years, Zhang Pei was indeed highly valued by the CCP. It is said that during an event after the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhou Enlai recognized Zhang Pei and took the initiative to greet him, thanking him in public for saving his life back then.
In 1954, Zhang Pei was transferred to Shandong and became a member of the Shandong Provincial Political Consultative Conference, and in 1958 he was branded as a “rightist” and was insulted and beaten during the Cultural Revolution.
According to the book “Our Confession”, in the early summer of 1967, the rebel faction of the Shandong CPPCC carried out a crackdown on him. “One evening, in the backyard of the organ, south of the high platform, we were playing when four or five rebels somehow drank Mr. Zhang Pei, who was about to go home, and started beating him violently without saying a few words. Some people slapped him back and forth continuously, only to see his chest straight, did not move, did not say a word, his head was whipped back and forth swinging. Then someone kicked him violently in the calf from behind, he involuntarily grunted and fell to the ground hard, but immediately got up again, standing straight, allowing the rebels to continue beating, without moaning, not to mention begging for mercy ……”
After this brutal beating, Zhang Pei wrote a letter to Zhou Enlai to the effect: “I do not ask you to do what I did to you back then. I am already over 70 years old, so I only ask you to treat me according to your prisoner policy.”
But it wasn’t long before Zhang Pei was brutally beaten once again. He probably didn’t realize the brutal nature of the CCP’s turning of hands into clouds and turning of hands into rain, nor did he understand Zhou Enlai’s two-faced style.
In 1973, at the age of 80, Zhang Pei was finally removed from his rightist label and transferred back to Hangzhou to live with his daughter’s family. Because of his arrival, his son-in-law, who was already a “reactionary academic authority”, had the words “KMT Lieutenant General’s son-in-law” put on the door of his house, and his grandson and granddaughter were often chased and scolded by the children of the rebels. Under such circumstances, Zhang Pei lived in seclusion. During this period, he wrote a memoir, but it was later burned to the ground.
In 1979, Zhang Pei died. I wonder if at the moment of his death, he really realized that he had taken a big bait from the Chinese Communist Party in his life.
The Epoch Times editorial, “Nine Comments on the Communist Party,” wrote: “At the beginning of the founding of the Communist Party, the three major lines of the Party were established, namely, the political line, the ideological line, and the organizational line. To describe these three lines in layman’s terms, the ideological line is the philosophical foundation of the Communist Party, the political line is the establishment of the goal, and then the severe organizational form is used to achieve this goal.
What communists, and the people of a communist society, are called upon to do first and foremost is absolute obedience, which is the whole point of the so-called organizational line. In China, the dual personality traits of communists are understood to be widespread. They may be fathers, husbands, or good friends, but above all of these human qualities is the Communist Party’s overriding emphasis on party spirit. And party nature, as the Communist Party demands, always exists beyond universal humanity. Humanity is relative and variable, while party spirit is absolute and cannot be questioned or challenged.
In other words, no matter what opinions you have in your heart, once you take a stand as a member of the Party, you must be consistent with the “organization”, even if you have to lose your humanity. As a senior leader of the Communist Party, Zhou Enlai has always acted in accordance with the principle of “party spirit over humanity” throughout his life, which explains why he could kill his benefactors and ignore their suffering.