Everyone knows the importance of drinking water to replenish water and keep the body running properly. But what many people don’t know is that drinking too much water can also bring health problems, affecting various organs of the body and causing many symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, headache and so on. So drink water also need to master the right way, do not drink too much.
What are the side effects of drinking too much water?
1, make the heart burden heavier
The heart pumps blood throughout the body, which is a vital function of the body. Drinking too much water can increase the amount of blood in your body, putting unnecessary pressure on your blood vessels and heart, and sometimes even increasing the risk of seizures.
- Overburdened kidneys
The kidneys filter about a liter of fluid an hour from the body. Drinking too much water puts stress on the kidneys, making them unable to function continuously. Too much water in the body can lead to acute kidney injury. It can also lower arginine vasopressin levels, which can impair kidney function.
- Cause hyponatremia
Hyponatremia is a low level of sodium in the serum, which occurs due to excessive hydration in the body. Sodium helps with cellular signaling and is involved in a variety of other functions in the body. When serum sodium levels drop, people begin to feel nauseous, tired or headachy. In severe cases, it can also lead to death.
- Causes cells to swell
When sodium levels in the body drop, water enters the cells through the membrane through the osmosis process, which causes the cells to swell and the swelling of the body’s cells can seriously damage muscle tissue, organs and the brain.
May cause diarrhea
Too much water in the body can lead to severe diarrhea and prolonged sweating, which is caused by hypokalemia or a decrease in potassium. When you drink too much water, the balance between intracellular and extracellular potassium is affected, leading to dramatic changes in plasma potassium concentration.
- It affects the brain
Hyponatremia, or low sodium in the blood, can cause brain swelling, which can be extremely damaging and can lead to language problems, walking disorders, mental problems and even death.
What are the symptoms of drinking too much water?
1, frequent urination,
When you drink too much water, your kidneys function constantly, you need to urinate frequently, and going to the bathroom at night can interfere with your sleep, which can interfere with your daily routine. If you urinate more often because you drink a lot of water, drinking less water can improve the problem.
2, have a headache
Excessive dehydration and drinking too much water can cause headaches. When a person drinks too much water, brain cells swell and grow, leading to headaches.
Too much water in the body can affect kidney function, causing the kidneys to fail to function properly, which can lead to a feeling of nausea and vomiting.
- Swollen hands, feet and lips
Drinking too much water can also cause swelling of the lips, hands and feet. Because the kidneys don’t function properly, the body retains excess water, and as a result of water retention, you can suddenly gain weight and some parts of your body can become swollen.
Frequent muscle cramps and muscle weakness are signs of excess water, which occurs when you drink too much and your electrolyte balance is affected.
- Feeling weak
While dehydration can make you tired, drinking too much water can also make you tired. When the kidneys keep working to help flush out the excess water, the body is put under too much pressure and people feel tired.
Drinking water helps flush out toxins and speeds up your metabolism. The amount of water a person drinks each day depends on their age, sex and daily activities. Water is good for you as long as you don’t drink too much of it. Watch how much water you drink. If you have these symptoms after drinking too much water, avoid these problems by drinking less water.