A new study in the leading medical journal The Tickle points out that as many as half of patients hospitalized with Wuhan pneumonia (novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19) will develop other health complications, mostly related to the kidneys and lungs.
The study, which collected data from more than 300 patients in the United Kingdom and more than 70,000 hospitalized with severe disease, showed that new coronavirus pneumonia has a profound impact on short- and long-term health, with an average of 1 in 2 people having complications, and the most common complications are lung and pulmonary problems, in addition to neurological and cardiovascular diseases are also valued.
The study noted that even among “young, previously healthy” patients, the proportion of complications was high, with 27% of critically ill patients aged 19 to 29 having at least one complication after hospitalization and 37% of patients aged 30 to 39. In addition, complications were more frequent in men than in women, and blacks had a higher chance of developing them than whites. Of concern is that regardless of age, gender or race, into one-third (27%) of critically ill patients were unable to care for themselves after discharge from the hospital.
The researchers said these complications are different from the “long-term sequelae of neoconiosis,” in which patients develop symptoms directly related to the disease weeks or even months after infection. The researchers therefore called for the development of policies to assist in the long-term follow-up of survivors of severe neoconiosis, and stressed that the most important strategy to prevent severe complications is “vaccination.
Aya Riad of the University of Edinburgh, one of the co-investigators, cautioned that “focusing only on the mortality of neocoronary pneumonia is likely to underestimate the true impact of the virus, especially in young survivors who have survived severe neocoronary pneumonia.