Napoleon was hailed as a military genius. This is a phrase from history textbooks. But where is Napoleon’s military genius? The life of a person is very short, secondary school to cope with the history test, a sentence to explain the past, do not have to and can not understand the details.
Napoleon will fight, the key is to be able to lay out the formation, but also to change the formation. At the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century, firearms and firearms had long been invented and entered a more mature stage, but there was no technology industry.
There were three kinds of armies on the battlefield in that era: infantry, artillery, and cavalry. Infantry was the most numerous and the main force on the battlefield. Artillery involves heavy transport, although the killing power is huge, the disadvantage is the slow marching speed. Cavalry is the fastest maneuvering speed, equivalent to a hundred years after the tank, equivalent to the Chinese chess rook, the efficiency is severe, but encounter with artillery, the same will suffer.
These three major types of soldiers, like a child with one hand out to play cloth, scissors, mallet, things are mutually exclusive, but also complement each other, can use subtlety, is a philosophy.
And infantry, and divided into three types of layouts: line formation, matrix, square formation.
Line formation is good for plains, two to three rows, a line of horizontal rows, good for attack. The matrix is good for the geography between the cliffs, as a rectangle, suitable for both attack and defense. As for the square formation, a square is good for defense, especially against the enemy’s cavalry.
Napoleon’s military philosophy was to use the three major types of armies alternately; and among the infantry, the three major formations were mutually variable. Depending on the weather, geography, enemy strategy, although there are early plans, but there are rapid changes in the occasional factors, how to make a timely decision, not only genius and knowledge, but also have a keen sense of touch.
The three formations of the infantry were already available in Roman times and were not unusual. Kublik’s film, “The Storming”, depicting the Roman slaves Spartacus and the Roman soldiers facing each other, has a stunning scene with a matrix of torches and a square formation at night. The new way to play warfare in the Napoleonic era was the addition of artillery and cavalry, which were used in alternating combinations with infantry, especially for logistical supplies.
The morale of war is certainly important, and the will of the generals is also important, but strategy cannot be rigidly dogmatic, and tactics must be flexible and changeable. In the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party, the early days of the Communist International command, rigidly adhering to Lenin’s theory of urban workers’ strikes and riots, but in Shanghai, Tianjin and Guangzhou, where industries had seen scale after the foreign affairs movement in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republican era, there was a middle-class population, eager to live a stable life, and the Republican government had strong urban governance and foreign influence on the situation. Those who launched strikes in the cities suffered great losses and could only retreat to the countryside.
Those who stayed in the cities to continue the revolution became left-leaning and blindly motivated line and became victims. Only the first retreat was to Jinggang Mountain, and then to Yan’an, 25,000 miles later. This is what Bruce Lee, who read philosophy at the University of Washington, realized that Be water – water has two times of rising and retreating, and also has three states of liquid, solid and gas – finally waited until the Xian Incident and the Japanese invasion of China.
Military, history, philosophy, the trinity, in Hong Kong, there is a subject called “general knowledge” – I have long regarded it as a joke, today really closed – there is no such really through the subject There is no such subject, and there is no such teacher. Sending children to boarding schools in England early helps a little, but whether or not they learn such wisdom is up to fate.