In China, the ratio of the government to the people is a high state secret. Some say 18 people support an official; some say 21 people support an official; some say 6 people support an official; and Li Dongyu, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and vice chairman of the CPPCC of Shaanxi Province, said at this year’s two sessions that a county in Shaanxi is 5 people support an official. So, how many people support an official in China today?
A county in Shaanxi has 5 people supporting an official
In her report, Li Dongyu said, for example, that a county in Shaanxi had a resident population of 30,200 in 2019, local fiscal revenue of 36.61 million yuan, general public budget expenditures of 865 million yuan, more than 120 administrative and social organizations, and more than 6,000 financial supporters, with a ratio of 1:5 financial supporters. In China, the main financial contributors are In China, the financial support staff mainly consists of three categories of personnel: the first category is the personnel of the party, government and group organs, mainly working in the party committee, the National People’s Congress, the government, the political and legal organs, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the democratic parties and mass organizations; the second category is the personnel of various institutions, working in Education, scientific research, health and many other fields; the third category is the retired personnel of the party, government and group organs and institutions.
In fact, Li Dongyu’s statement is not accurate, because the financial support staff she mentioned does not include the temporary workers and network water army hired by various units. If these two types of people are added, it is no longer 5 people supporting one official.
The ratio of officials to people in China today is about 1:12
In 2005, Zhou Tianyong, deputy director of the Research Office of the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, wrote that the actual number of civil servants and quasi-civil servants in China supported by the state treasury exceeded 60 million, and that the ratio of officials to citizens in China was as high as 1:18. should be 100 million.
According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on January 17, 2020, as of the end of 2019, the total population of mainland China (including 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and active military personnel of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, excluding the number of people in Hong Kong, Macau Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province and overseas Chinese) was 140,005,000 (1.4 billion according to the official media).
According to the 2015 Annual Statistical Bulletin on Human Resources and Social Security Development (hereinafter referred to as the Bulletin) released by the Chinese Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security on May 30, 2016, there were 7.167 million civil servants nationwide at the end of 2015. According to this figure, China’s government-to-civilian ratio is 1:19.5, but this does not include temporary workers.
If we follow Zhou Tianyong’s calculation method, adding the temporary workers in various administrative institutions, China’s financial support is at least 120 million people. Then, the ratio of government to people in China is about 1:12.
The treasury also supports 30 million sailors
The 120 million officials supported by the Chinese treasury do not include the online water army. According to media reports, since 2013, the CCP has hired more than 30 million cyber water soldiers, who are paid piece-rate salaries from local stability maintenance funds. Among them are serving corps members, prison inmates, university students, corporate employees and socially unoccupied people. As seen in the recruitment advertisements of the water army, except for prison inmates, the monthly part-Time salary of others is more than 3,000 yuan. Although most of these network sailors are part-time, their income comes from the treasury, and they do not create social wealth themselves. If we add these sailors, the number of people supported by the treasury is actually no longer 120 million.
China’s 2.5 labor force supports one official
Another way to calculate this is that not every one of China’s 1.4 billion people is in the labor force (taxpayers). According to international employment standards, after deducting the old, the weak, the sick, the disabled and the young, only one third of the real workforce is in the labor force. According to this ratio, China’s actual labor force is only 420 million, minus 120 million financial supporters (officials), China’s actual tax-paying labor force is only 300 million. According to the calculation of 120 million officials in China, it is equivalent to 2.5 labor force supporting one official.
The ratio of officials to people in China through the dynasties
The ratio of officials to people supported in Chinese history: According to the “Analysis of China’s Third Population Census Data” published by China Finance and Economy Press in 1987, the ratio of officials to people in China in all generations: 1:7945 in Western Han Dynasty, 1:7464 in Eastern Han Dynasty, 1:2927 in Tang Dynasty, 1:2613 in Yuan Dynasty, 1:2299 in Ming Dynasty, 1:911 in Qing Dynasty, and 1:12 in today’s Chinese Communist regime. 1998 In 2005, Zhou Tianyong, the deputy director of the research office of the Central Party School, found that the ratio of officials to citizens was 1:18. Comparing the data made public by Liu Changkun and Zhou Tianyong, the CCP talks about reform all the time, but in fact, the ranks of officials in the CCP are increasing every year.
The ratio of officials to citizens in the world
According to the media, the ratio of officials to citizens in the United States is 1:700; the ratio of officials to citizens in the European Union is 1:720; the ratio of officials to citizens in Brazil is 1:610; the ratio of officials to citizens in Africa is 1:350; the ratio of officials in Russia is 1:330; the ratio of officials to citizens in India is 1:520; and the ratio of officials to citizens in Japan is 1:690.
The general administrative establishment of democratic countries is that the federal (central) government is subordinated to the state, county, and city (equivalent to a township in China), with a chief executive, that is, a governor, a state governor, and a mayor, often with only one deputy. Cities and states also have only a few offices under specialized committees, and a municipal government does not have more than a hundred people. A municipal administrative center in China, on the other hand, has more than 10,000 public employees, and the number of agencies is even greater.
China’s administrative structure is the most complicated and overlapping in the world
Under the current administrative structure of the Communist Party, there are provincial, city, county, township (town) and village committees under the central government, which is two levels more than the average democratic country. Take a city as an example: in addition to the municipal government, there are hundreds of non-governmental agencies such as the municipal party committee, the propaganda department of the municipal party committee, the discipline inspection committee, the organization department of the municipal party committee, the United Front Work Department of the municipal party committee, the municipal youth league committee, the municipal committee of the CPPCC, the municipal people’s congress, etc. Each city has about 60 officials at the departmental level (including the deputy departmental level), of which the municipal government officials account for only about The city government officials account for only about one-tenth of them, i.e., about 6. The officials in the non-government government offices are often more numerous and powerful than those in the government offices, and these officials never do the right thing, but specialize in making things happen; their usual work is either to compete with the government for power; or to compete with the people for profit. And each city has more than 200 county-level units under it, and each county has more than 200 section-level units under it. There are corresponding counterparts from the central government to each county.
China’s 293 prefecture-level cities are unincorporated
According to the Chinese Constitution, China’s administrative establishment is divided into provinces, counties, and townships (towns), with prefectural and municipal institutions being non-statutory, and administrative villages not included in the public establishment.
Official figures from the Chinese Communist Party show that there are currently 293 prefecture-level municipalities in mainland China. The average number of public officials in each municipality is over 10,000, including about 60 departmental officials in each municipality; about 1,600 county-level officials (including deputies); over 4,000 section-level officials (including deputies); and 1,248,000 general civil servants. If we count 293 prefectures, China has 2.93 million more civil servants out of thin air, not including temporary workers. In the mouths of Chinese county officials often hear the phrase: the province-controlled counties become city-controlled counties, city-controlled counties become city-scraped counties. This shows how great the danger of municipal construction is.
The biggest disaster in China is the official disaster
The Communist Party of China has been promoting poverty relief all day long, but the reason for China’s poverty is that there are too many officials, and too many officials lead to social corruption, making the people overwhelmed. As China’s economy declines, the people’s burden will become heavier and heavier, and many families that have been lifted out of poverty may return to poverty due to unemployment, illness and other reasons.
Some netizens say that the Chinese Communist Party officially says that 7 million officials have been sent to the countryside to help the poor. If the salaries and expenses of these 7 million people are used to solve people’s livelihood, why do they need to go to the countryside to help the poor? Isn’t this a superfluous task? It is no exaggeration to say that the biggest disaster in China is neither a plague nor a natural disaster, but an official disaster.