The only chrysanthemum that can withstand cold is Aztec chrysanthemum.

“The chrysanthemums dazzle, the pines crown the rocks. With this chaste and beautiful posture in mind, the chrysanthemum is a master of the frost. Chrysanthemums were loved by ancient Chinese writers because they opened in late autumn without fear of frost. Most of the chrysanthemums grow in remote places, with no competition with the world, not with the delicate posture to flatter the times, but with plain and chaste character to see the beauty of people. Therefore, those who do not love prosperity and are not indifferent, and who do not chase fame and fortune since ancient times, are full of goodwill towards chrysanthemum.

Chrysanthemum’s Proud Frost Exercise

“Drinking the dew from the magnolia, eating the chrysanthemum in the evening. More than two thousand years ago, Qu Yuan had left a chrysanthemum, he was known for his high moral character, the things he liked were also high and clean. Qu Yuan to experience the weather of the chrysanthemum for food, meaning never with the sycophants, reflecting his own cultivation of integrity.

The chrysanthemum was born in the autumn, full of austere atmosphere, everything is desolate, a flower alone, “a night of new frost with light tiles, banana new folded fallen lotus. Only the chrysanthemum in the eastern hedge is resistant to cold, and the dawn is clearer when the golden millet first opens. “Bai Juyi’s sentences can always easily get to the heart, flying frost new dew into the forecourt, banana destroyed, lotus leaves withered, and then the chrysanthemum? But it is the time of the first bloom, the word “clear” is wonderful, it is not only the temperament of autumn, but also the essence of chrysanthemum.

Bai Juyi’s poetic friend Yuan Zhen also had a famous line about chrysanthemums: “If it’s not that I prefer chrysanthemums to flowers, there will be no flowers left when the flowers are all blossomed. Yuan Zhen explained to himself that there were no longer any delicate flowers to compete with this season, and that the chrysanthemum was even more different from other flowers.

In the Song Dynasty, Yang Wanli’s poems were always inventive and profound. He recited: “There is never a single family in nature, who is greedy for cold and thin and loathes Yanhua? The chrysanthemum chooses its own weather-beaten country, not the chrysanthemum outside the springtime. The chrysanthemum is so stubborn and hard-headed that it is its own choice to fight with the wind and frost, and it is naturally unwilling to sway in the comfortable spring light.

Chrysanthemum contains the thought of indifference

Tao Yuanming, one of the most reclusive poets, abandoned his post and returned to the fields. He loved chrysanthemums so much in his life that he wrote a lot of poems about them, the most famous being “Picking chrysanthemums in the east hedge and seeing the southern mountains at a leisurely pace”. “The sentence. The beauty of this sentence can be understood by all Chinese, and there is no need to elaborate on the meaning of this sentence. Only by living in harmony with nature and letting go of the shackles of earthly desires can we gain freedom of mind.

After Tao Yuanming, many poets wrote about chrysanthemums to avoid the Tao family, and in the Ming Dynasty, Shen Zhou sang: “Autumn is full of hedge roots before I see flowers, but from indifference to meet prosperity. The west wind path contains incense in, except for the Tao family to my home. The chrysanthemum does not tend to append to the inflammation, and is at ease with itself, which seems to be talking about the chrysanthemum, but actually expresses the poet’s ambition of cleansing oneself.

Yu Qian did the opposite, “yellow flowers are heartless things, also share the evening fragrance. Yu Qian admired Tao Yuanming and thought that the chrysanthemum was more fragrant because of Tao Yuanming’s temperament. The most important thing Yu Qian valued was that a man should never take advantage of any trickery or shamelessness.

In the Tang Dynasty, Zheng Gu’s poem on chrysanthemum was comparative in nature: “The nine branches of the chrysanthemum are close to the temples, and the fragrance of the chrysanthemum is all over the pond. The chrysanthemum is not the only one in the world that has been in existence for a long time. Chrysanthemum is not as useless as Artemisia annua, nor is it as dependent on the high house as Waxon. The chrysanthemum is cold and fragrant to the bone, independent, waiting for the soul mate.

Chrysanthemum has the meaning of longevity

Chrysanthemum Festival coincides with the blooming of chrysanthemum, so it is also called Chrysanthemum Festival. On this day, people climb to the top of the mountain to enjoy the chrysanthemums and drink chrysanthemum wine, because chrysanthemums symbolize longevity. Meng Haoran went to a farmhouse as a guest, drinking wine and having a good time, and after dinner he got tipsy and made a promise, “When the Chrysanthemum Festival comes, I’ll still come on the chrysanthemum. As long as the deceased lived a long and peaceful life, there would be a time for reunion.

Guo Zhen of the Tang Dynasty wrote, “To ward off evil, the chrysanthemum is a wine for prolonging life.” From this, chrysanthemum is also known as the “Chrysanthemum. This is why chrysanthemums are also known as “longevity drinkers”. It is also related to the tenacious vitality of chrysanthemums in the face of frost and cold. It’s not just a matter of time, it’s also a matter of time. I’m not sure if I’m going to be able to do that. “This is the chrysanthemum of Su Shi’s praise, he first depicted the elegant posture of the chrysanthemum with a delicate brush, and Dang Kai a chrysanthemum is a good medicine to prolong life, you see the chrysanthemum bloom in the autumn, is not some old and hard elegance it?

Pham Thanh Da’s poem on chrysanthemum expresses a profound philosophy: “The lonely eastern hedge is wet with dew, the golden dimple shines in the mud and sand. The chrysanthemum has no high rhyme and rhyme, but only the flowers of the Chrysanthemum Festival. There is no difference between the chrysanthemums before and after Chrysanthemum Festival and the day of the festival, so why do some people only love Chrysanthemum appreciation? Perhaps it is meant to pray for good fortune and longevity, but this is not the real meaning of the flower.

Chrysanthemum sends the heart of family and country

Chrysanthemum is the spiritual sustenance of people. Seeing the chrysanthemums by the roadside, a fugitive can’t help but feel a little nostalgic, while facing the chrysanthemums on the platform, some benevolent and ambitious people think about their home and country, which they never forget. The sage Du Fu lived in Kui Zhou, Sichuan Province, and wrote “Eight Songs of Autumn Rise” on the theme of looking at Chang’an, one of which said: “Two chrysanthemums blossomed in tears, and a lonely boat tied to the hometown heart. “It is not clear whether the chrysanthemum is open, or tears open, but the situation is the most distracting, so that people’s emotions can not be calm.

Cen Shen also said: “strong desire to ascend the heights to go, no one to send wine, distant pity for the hometown chrysanthemum, should be near the battlefield open. This poem was written on the marching road, and the original note said: “When I have not received Chang’an. The word “distant” shows how far the mountains and rivers are. And turn the abstract into concrete, the chrysanthemum here as a representative of the entire former garden. The last sentence is particularly heavy, the chrysanthemum in the battlefield by the broken wall is so sad, but a “blooming” aftertaste is not endless, a cluster of chrysanthemum is indelible bright yellow color. The poet’s hope of recovering Chang’an became more urgent and thirsty for the future.

In the Southern Song Dynasty, Liu Kezhuang wrote: “If I am lonely for wine with yellow flowers, I am afraid the yellow flowers will laugh at the silence of others. Will the silent chrysanthemums laugh at me as I grow old and gray?” There will be days when flowers bloom and blossom, and there is no escape from drunkenness, but when you wake up, a hero is most afraid of not being able to serve his country.

Perhaps the most shocking poem on chrysanthemum comes from Zheng Sishao, a relic of the Southern Song Dynasty: “The flowers do not bloom together with a hundred flowers, but the fun is not yet exhausted in the independent and sparse hedge. I’d rather die with incense on the branch, than to be blown away in the north wind”. Zheng Sixiao has experienced the shattering of mountains and rivers and the change of dynasties, but he has always stuck to his integrity. “Three words, issued an oath of unyielding and loyalty to the homeland. The chrysanthemum of this poem has transcended the chrysanthemum of nature, the remnant of life into which he has poured his blood and tears.

“Dark and pale purple, melting and smelting yellow. “The beauty of the chrysanthemum is in the shape and color, but also in the sex and rhyme. All the masterpieces that can be passed down through the ages must have vividly expressed their own ecology, flowers not flowers, poetry not poetry, and ultimately integrated with the poet’s self-image. Therefore, when people today appreciate chrysanthemum, they might as well look deeper from the cultural point of view to feel the inner soul of chrysanthemum, so as to get a poetic home.