Over the past eight years, Hong Kong has witnessed a number of historic pro-democracy movements and many young leaders of the pro-democracy movement have been imprisoned. As World Human Rights Day is celebrated on December 10, we are holding an online poll of the “new generation” of human rights leaders in the post-90s, and collating the stories of some prominent representatives of Hong Kong and separated Hong Kong people, so that the public can vote for their favorite human rights leaders.
Wong Chi-fung, born in 1996, is a former convenor of Hong Kong Scholarism, founding member and former Secretary General of Hong Kong People’s Liberation Army.
Wong Chi-fung, born in 1996, is a former Convenor of Hong Kong Scholarism, member and former Secretary General of Hong Kong People’s Liberation Army.
In 2011, at the age of 14, Wong Chi-fung founded the student organization Hokumin Si Chiu and launched the “Anti-State Education Movement” to protest against the Government’s use of the Moral and National Education subject to push the “Chinese Communist Party’s baptism” on students. In mid-2012, Wong led the group to join hands with civil society organizations to launch a 10,000-member march, followed by an occupation of government headquarters and a hunger strike, which eventually led to the cancellation of the curriculum by the government.
By the time of the Umbrella Movement in 2014 and the Anti-Revision Movement in 2019, Wong had become internationally known as a leading figure in Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement and received many honors, including being named one of Time Magazine’s 25 Most Influential Teenagers in the World in 2014 and nominated by a U.S. senator for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2018. In 2019, he was named one of the Financial Times’ “50 Most Important People in the World” for the past decade. In 2019, he was selected as one of the Financial Times’ “50 Most Important People in the World” for the past decade.
But his struggle for democracy has also taken a heavy toll on him. In December 2020, he was sentenced to 13.5 months in prison for “inciting others to participate in an unlawful assembly”. In 2021, he was sentenced to 10 months in prison for the “June 4 unlawful assembly case”; early the same year, he was charged with violating the National Security Law of Hong Kong for the “47-member pan-democratic primary election case” and has been remanded in custody since then.
Zhou Ting, born in 1996, is a former spokesperson of the Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People’s Livelihood, a founding member and former member of the Standing Committee of the Hong Kong House of Representatives, and a former Deputy Secretary General. (Reuters file photo)
Zhou Ting, born in 1996, is a former spokesperson of Scholarism, a member of the founding party of Hong Kong House of Representatives, a former member of the Standing Committee, and a former Deputy Secretary General. She is known as the “Goddess of Learning and Democracy” in Hong Kong, and has been hailed as the “Goddess of Democracy” by the Japanese media. She is also known as the “goddess of democracy” by the Japanese media.
On August 10, 2020, she was arrested by the National Security Division of the Hong Kong Police Force on charges of “colluding with foreign countries or forces outside the country to endanger national security”, and in December 2020, she was sentenced to “imprisonment” for the “2019 police siege”. In December 2020, Chow was convicted of “participating in and inciting others to participate in an illegal assembly” and sentenced to 10 months in prison.
In December 2021, she was named one of the Financial Times’ “25 Most Influential Women in the World”.
Law Kwun Chung, born in 1993, is a former member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council and the founding chairman of the Hong Kong House Committee.
Lo Kwun Chung, born in 1993, is a former member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council and the Chairman of the founding party of the Hong Kong House of Representatives.
In 2016, at the age of 23, he became the youngest member of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong’s history, but later lost his membership due to the oath-taking controversy.
From the Umbrella Movement in 2014 to the anti-revision movement in 2019, Lo became the leader of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement with Wong Chi-fung, and in 2019, while studying for his master’s degree at Yale University, he and Wong lobbied the U.S. political establishment to support Hong Kong people’s pro-democracy movement.
In July 2020, he had no choice but to leave. During his exile in the United Kingdom, he was invited by dignitaries and universities to meet and speak, including a meeting with then-U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in London, England; a meeting with British Home Secretary Doreen Pendleton in December of the same year; and an invitation to attend the U.S. Democracy Summit in December 2021.
He has received numerous international honors, including being nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2018, being named one of Time Magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World” in 2020, and being awarded the Magnitsky Prize for Human Rights in the same year.
He is a former spokesman of the Frontline for Local Democracy, and is the soul of Hong Kong’s localist ideology.
He is a former spokesman of the Local Democracy Front, born in 1991. He has advocated the independence movement of Hong Kong and put forward slogans such as “Restoring Hong Kong, Revolution of the Times”.
In 2015, he joined LDF and later participated in the New Territories East by-election of the Hong Kong Legislative Council to promote the idea of local movement and encourage young people to participate in politics.
In 2018, Leung was charged with assaulting a police officer and participating in a riot for the 2016 Mong Kok riot and was sentenced to six years in prison. The news was a sensation in Hong Kong and the international community. He may be released from prison in early 2022, but earlier the South China Morning Post quoted government sources as saying that he would be monitored by law enforcement agencies, including state security, after his release from prison.
In November 2019, Leung Tin-kei was selected by Time magazine as one of the “100 NEXT” (100 Next), the 100 rising stars who will change the future of the world. According to Time magazine, although Leung was sentenced to prison, he was regarded as a spiritual leader by the demonstrators who participated in the anti-revision movement, and his slogan “Light Time” was often seen in the social movement.
However, after the implementation of the National Security Law of Hong Kong, “Light Time” slogans became a “forbidden language”, and many people were charged with violating the National Security Law for shouting or displaying “Light Time” slogans in past social movements. Many people have been charged with violating the National Security Law or “incitement to write” for shouting or displaying “Guang Shi” slogans during the social movement. The documentary film “The Earth is Thick and the Sky is High”, featuring Liang Tianqi, was also banned.
He Guilan, born in 1990, is a former reporter for Standpoint News, nicknamed “Standpoint Sister”. (Screenshot of the film)
He Guilan, born in 1990, is a former reporter for Standpoint News, nicknamed “Sister Standpoint”.
He Guilan is widely known for her coverage of the 2019 “Yuen Long White Man Attack”, where she was attacked during the live broadcast. Later, she changed from journalism to politics, but in early 2021, she was charged with violating the “Hong Kong National Security Law” for the “47-member pan-democratic primary election case” and was remanded in custody until now.