The Chinese Communist Party’s Politburo announced in late May a new policy allowing couples to have three children (not three children). Recently, couples preparing to have a third child have been calling local governments to inquire about their birth permits, but have been refused. Officials in Guizhou province told the station that the central government’s three-child policy has not yet been officially implemented and that having three children is considered “over-birth.
China, which has an aging population, hopes the three-child policy will boost fertility rates and address the crisis of an aging population. The announcement earlier that couples would be allowed to have a third child has sparked concern in the community. We have learned that the Population and Family Division of the Guizhou Provincial Health and Wellness Commission has recently issued a reminder to all municipal and state health bureaus to maintain the “two-child policy” until the “three-child policy” is officially implemented.
Our reporter called the Population and Family Division of the Guizhou Provincial Health and Wellness Commission on Tuesday (6) to inquire, and the official who answered the phone told the reporter that the three-child policy is being revised, and the two-child policy is still in effect.
“This is the situation now, now the relevant (three-child) policy has not yet landed. Now pregnant with three children is ‘unplanned birth’, because the ‘three-child policy’ is not yet on the ground, now not yet introduced. It is just before the Politburo Standing Committee began to discuss this matter. May be liberalized (three children) but this policy is not yet introduced, not yet on the ground.”
Draft to be adopted by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress
Guizhou Health Care Commission work tips wrote that on May 31, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting to consider the “decision on optimizing the fertility policy to promote long-term balanced population development,” and Premier Li Keqiang chaired an executive meeting of the State Council on June 18 to adopt the “People’s Republic of China Population and Family Planning Law (Draft Amendment)” and decided to bring the draft to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress for consideration.
In an interview, officials from the Guizhou Provincial Health Commission told reporters that the birth of three children will now be handled in accordance with the “over-birth”, that is, face a fine, that is, to pay social maintenance fees.
The official: “Before the policy was introduced, we were in accordance with the previous “family planning regulations”. So now the birth of three children, or unplanned birth.”
Reporter: How much money do you have to pay (social support fee)?
Official: “This you have to consult the relevant local department where you are.”
Reporter: “Or do you need a birth certificate?”
Official: “Yes, yes, yes. The relevant policy has not yet landed.”
Reporter: “If you have three children now, you will be fined. Can I get a refund after the relevant policy is in place?”
Official: “Of course not.”
Guizhou Health Care Commission “work tips” wrote that at present, the province has not received the relevant policy documents issued by the state, but it has been found that some areas of the province began to interpret the three-child policy and set population targets, and even released publicly to the outside, indicating that the relevant units are requested to strictly implement the relevant national documents, and not to interpret the relevant policies at will before the official documents are issued, so as not to misinterpret and cause public opinion.
The main function of the birth control office is still fines
As the official has been released early in the beginning of the year to relax the birth control policy, there are many couples have been prepared early. Recently, a Sichuan netizen asked through the People’s Daily Online leadership message board that he is a resident of Huai Kou Street in Jintang County and is now pregnant with his third child, when will Jintang County officially implement the three-child policy and can he apply for a birth certificate? The answer from the Jintang County Office is that “the specific date for the three-child birth service certificate has not yet been implemented”. The government of Linxiang City in Hunan Province responded to the query by saying that “the laws and regulations have not yet been amended and the birth certificate can only be handled according to the original regulations”. In Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, a netizen also asked on the city’s website if he could apply for a three-child birth certificate, but was also politely refused.
In response, Shandong Linyi rights activist Lu Xiumei told the station that so far, the main function of the birth control office is still to impose fines.
“If they give you the birth permit now, what is the point of the existence of these people in the birth control office. He said the National People’s Congress has not yet passed, if he gives you the birth certificate for three children now, what else will he get to make money. The company’s main business is to provide a wide range of services and services to the public.
In the past, there was an average of one elderly person for every 12 people in the labor force; now, there is an average of one elderly person for every 4.7 people in the labor force.
In an interview with the station, Zhang Jianping, a commentator on current affairs in Yixing, Jiangsu, said the family planning policy itself is wrong.
“When a society develops to a certain level, when the economy develops to a certain level, it is natural for fertility to decline. Canada, Japan, including Taiwan are encouraging births, but artificial interventions are definitely not good results. Family planning has been implemented for so many years, and the decision makers have a weak awareness of human rights, and there is no knowledge of the market economy, and it is wrong to implement.”
According to the China Statistical Yearbook, China’s elderly dependency ratio has risen for 14 consecutive years since 2007, and in places like Shandong, Chongqing, Liaoning and Jiangsu, the ratio has exceeded 20 percent.