In recent times, there have been numerous vicious killings on the mainland. The murder case that occurred on June 7 at the School of Mathematics of Fudan University in Shanghai has exploded on the Internet, shocking all sectors of society, especially the academic community. On that day, Jiang Wenhua, a 39-year-old returnee teacher, reportedly held his determination to die and slit the throat of 49-year-old party secretary Wang Yongzhen, who had just announced his decision to terminate Jiang’s employment shortly before.
From what Jiang Wenhua said at the time of his arrest, and the information subsequently disclosed by his colleagues and friends who knew him, Jiang Wenhua was a genuine and talented scholar, but although his academic level was high, such as his postdoctoral research at the National Institutes of Health, or the first Fudan President’s Award winner, perhaps because he had studied overseas for a long time and focused on academic research, he did not know much about the world, and had been subject to Wang Yongzhen’s He has been suppressed by Wang Yongzhen, resulting in restrictions on his application for projects and the assessment of his associate professorship. In a video of his arrest by the police, he said that he had been set up and treated badly in his unit in many ways that continue to this day. When he could not stand it anymore, Jiang Wenhua chose to take a desperate step.
From this tragedy, Jiang Wenhua is both a victim and a perpetrator, its violence to solve the problem is not desirable, after all, human life is the most valuable, a moment of pain but destroyed two people and two families, the pain it caused can not be erased, and after the death of a person is not a hundred and one, made the crime of murder still need to pay. So who made him lack of fear of life? And who planted the seed of violence in his heart?
The other protagonist in the tragedy, Wang Yongzhen, is also both a victim and a perpetrator. If not for his repeated injustice and even hardship, how could an honest man choose to retaliate in an extreme way? Even cost him his life? The company’s main goal is to provide the best possible service to its customers.
In fact, if we think about it, the real culprit of this tragedy is the Chinese Communist Party. It was the Chinese Communist regime that made many Chinese people, including Jiang Wenhua, lack the fear of life and planted the seeds of violence in their hearts.
The most important stage for children and youth to establish their outlook on life and the world, and to know how to behave, is primary and secondary school. In traditional societies until the Republican era, the Confucian teachings of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and faith have been the main content of study for young people. However, for 70 years since the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party, the CCP, which believes in atheism and advocates struggle and violent seizure of power, has been falsifying the history of 5,000 years of civilization through various teaching materials written in a unified manner, instilling wrong views on life, history, and values in school and university students, showing off the violence and killings in the history of the founding of the CCP and the establishment of the government as glory, and taking socialism, Marxism, and the deceitful views of the CCP leaders as the The only correct theory is imposed on uneducated students, who are taught lies from their childhood, making it impossible for them to be a decent person from an early age.
Coupled with the guidance of social opinion, the CCP’s clampdown on media and information, and the CCP’s launching of one campaign after another to defeat the cultural and social elites, the land of China, once favored by God because of its belief in God and Buddha, has been plunged into darkness under the CCP’s rule. Not only has atheism taken over, but traditional Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism have also been distorted by modern people, and morality has plummeted, and people who believe in pushing violence abound in the country.
Jiang Wenhua, born in 1982, may have unknowingly accepted the influence of the Chinese Communist Party culture. Those who have no more faith in God and Buddha naturally have no more reverence for life, and the seeds of violence hidden inside sprouted and grew because of the long-term injustice. How many of the many tragic killings that occurred in China were not committed by the perpetrators?
Similarly, it was the Chinese Communist Party that allowed Wang Yongzhen, who was the secretary of the Communist Party, to enjoy the pleasure of power in the universities and to suppress others at will.
During the Republican era, universities were not only state-run, but also church-run, privately-run, and warlord-run, but no matter who ran them, professors were treated with respect, and those who ran them, even the government, did not interfere too much with university affairs.
For example, in 1912, the “Order of the University” of the Provisional Government of Nanking clearly stated, “The University shall have a Convocation, in which the heads of the sciences and the professors of each subject shall elect a number of persons from among themselves as members, and the President of the University may convene the Convocation at any time and be the Speaker himself.” “There shall be a professorial council for each subject in the university, with the professors as members, and the president of the university may at any time convene the professorial council and be its own president.” And the National Government thereafter followed the same line. In other words, a professor’s hiring, promotion, title, how much salary to give, students and even the allocation of school funds were all decided by a meeting of professors.
For example, around 1939, when the Ministry of Education of the Nationalist Government ordered the Southwest Associated University (formed by Peking University and Tsinghua University) three times to follow the curriculum approved by the Ministry of Education, use nationally unified teaching materials and hold unified examinations, the faculty meeting of the University chose to reject it and elected Professor Feng Youlan to draft the Protest. In their view, the government had no right to interfere with what professors taught and what students learned. And the National Government, upon receiving the Statement of Defense, chose to accept it.
The social status and salary of professors during the Republican period were also very high, and in 1919, Cao Kun founded Hebei University when he was the governor of Zhili. As long as he was in the school, he often waited in the professor’s lounge and shushed the professors who left class. Whenever he was paid, Cao Kun instructed the administrative staff to wrap the foreign currency in red paper, hold it on a tray and give it to the professors in the style of a tray, with a portion of two to three hundred foreign currency. You know, at that time, the monthly income of ordinary families was only a few to a dozen pieces of ocean.
Unlike the open attitude of the Republic of China, the majority of Chinese universities today are public, and private universities have only been in existence for a decade or so, but they are all under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education of the Communist Party of China, and are subject to the rules and regulations of the Ministry of Education, thus losing much of their autonomy. The appointment and dismissal of university presidents is done by the Ministry of Education, so most presidents are only accountable to the “top”.
The “party spirit” of universities is evident from the fact that there are branch secretaries at the university, faculty, department, and class levels, and most of these secretaries may not have much ink in academics, but they are masters at sneaking around and making small moves. How can they respect scholars? A clear trend is that, as the universities became more party-oriented and the number of administrators swelled, the status of professors and teachers declined significantly, and it was not an isolated phenomenon for university teachers to flatter party officials and curry favor with administrators.
As for academic freedom, universities in the Republic of China enjoyed full academic freedom, and university professors at that time were free to lecture as they wished. If the professor spoke well, he would continue to be employed; if he spoke badly, he would leave. Professors can also leave if they don’t want to do it anymore.
In contrast, in Chinese universities today, there is no freedom at all. Students’ snitches and classroom surveillance make university teachers walk on thin ice in class, and thoughtful teachers no longer dare to get involved in any sensitive topics for themselves and their families. As for free movement between universities, it is even more difficult, because once you are convicted for your words, it is very difficult to find a university that will accept you again.
As one netizen wrote in his blog, “Universities in mainland China are not aimed at independent thinking, nor at independent personality, nor at academic excellence. Universities that are overridden by exams are like castrated men who can’t tell whether they are male or female.” Perhaps this is what the Chinese Communist authorities would like to see, because only when Chinese universities are dependent on the administrative system and implement education according to the wishes of the administrative authorities, China will continue to produce submissive people, and Wang Yongzhen, who is dependent on the Communist Party, should indeed thank the Communist Party as his master for being able to suppress teachers with impunity.
As you can imagine, a Communist Party secretary like Wang Yongzhen can make a good living under the Communist Party, but it takes real skill to make a living in the Republican University. And all the universities in China, including Tsinghua University and Peking University and Fudan University, with secretaries like Wang Yongzhen, are just dreaming to build any world-class university, because a university without real freedom can never become a first-class university. In short, China cannot produce any truly first-class universities under the CCP’s authoritarian rule, and the tragedies of Jiang Wenhua and Wang Yongzhen will never be eliminated.