The gentleman who gave up his title to participate in Zen

He was born in a wealthy family, but not to the Yan sound, fancy, but ran to Qiantang to sell medicine for a living; he inherited the title of the governor of the two Huai, in charge of the military and civil, judicial power, but willing to give the title to his brother, retired to Hangzhou. Being in the rich country, but to “acid fast” for the number. Fluttering male, to steed for the crown of the line; singing and chanting, to express their feelings to the clouds; more in the mountains and forests, meditation and enlightenment, so that a Taoist heart always open to the sky. This gentleman is Guan Yunshi, a Uyghur.

According to the official history, Guan Yunshi’s mother, Mrs. Zhao, “dreamed at night that the gods gave her a big star”, and in the dream, Mrs. Zhao swallowed the big star and thus felt pregnant. After his birth, Guan Yunshi was intelligent and perceptive since his childhood. He lived with his mother in the villa of his uncles, Lian Xi Xian and Lian Xi Gong, in the “Lian Garden”, where he studied literature and martial arts. There were more than 20,000 volumes of books in the garden, so Guan Yunshi received rich Chinese culture, and he had the Uyghur temperament of “good at riding and shooting, working with horse and long spear”, and the Chinese learning talent of “folding and reading, with five lines under the eyes”.

Because his grandfather Ali Hague was the founding father of the country, Guan Yunshi assumed the title of Daru Huaqi of the two Huaiwanfu and guarded Yongzhou when he was a young man. He ruled the army with strict discipline and trust in reward and punishment. When he had spare time for military affairs, he drank wine and wrote poems and sang songs in a pitcher, not being tired of military affairs.

One day, he said to his younger brother Khudu Hague, “I was born to be indifferent to eunuchs and merit, but I did not dare not accept my grandfather’s title. By now several years have passed, so I should resign to you.” On the same day, Guan Yunshi wrote to his father to report the matter, handed over the official documents, and took off the golden tiger talisman to wear on his brother.

Perhaps, in his eyes, the charm of Hanwen and the sentiment of helping the world were far more attractive than the title of the governor of the two Huai regions. After giving up his title, he went north to study Chinese literature under Yao Sui, a great prose writer who is famous for his powerful and bold style.

When King Injong was still the crown prince, he heard that Xiao Yunshi Hague had given the title to his younger brother and said to his close attendant, “There would be such a virtuous and long-standing person in the family of a general.” Youngjong’s family called for Guan Yunshi as a storytelling scholar and made him a personal soldier of the forbidden guards. After the accession of King Renzong, Guan Yunshi wrote a letter with six suggestions, including releasing the border garrison, repairing the virtue of literature, educating the prince to correct the state, setting up admonishers to supplement the holy virtue, honoring the meritorious ministers, setting the color of clothing to change the customs, and raising virtuous talents to restore the supreme way. But because of the courtiers’ cynicism and obstruction, the petition did not reach King Renjong.

One day, the courtiers were discussing the imperial examinations, Guan Yunshi put forward many pertinent suggestions, but in a moment, he suddenly felt that resignation of the inferior, which is the style of the sage, the current selection of officials, but he had to compete with others to the high and low, and not his own intention, so he took the excuse to abandon the official to return to Jiangnan. Perhaps, the Yuan court has been missing a good minister since then, but it has left a timeless legend for future generations, cultivating world sentiment and purifying the soul.

When Guan Yunshi was on his way back from the capital, he wrote a song called “Qingjiang Yin – Abandoning the Weak Name to Come”: “Abandoning the Weak Name to Come is a pleasure! A smile outside the white clouds. The three or five people who know each other, what hindrance to drink. The drunken robe and sleeve dance are too narrow for the world. The competition for fame and fortune is like a car going down a slope. Yesterday, I was a minister in the jade hall, but today I am suffering from a disaster. I am just like me, avoiding the storm and walking in a peaceful nest.”

The style of the song is fresh and alert, and the language is open-minded, describing that he jumped out of the stormy sea of officials, like a bird leaving the cage, like a fish returning to the old abyss, and like a cloud going up to the sky. He composed a large number of lyrics and songs that were the most elegant at that time, and when people sang them, they seemed to resound through the clouds. Some people praised him as having a spirit of helping the world, and he was “a man of great dignity and courage”.

After Guan Yunshi retired to Jiangnan, he studied Buddhism intensely, and in Tianmu Mountain, together with Zhongfeng Zen Master, he studied meditation and enlightenment, and they were almost on each other’s arrows. Every summer, he sat in meditation at Paojia Mountain and would not go into the city until the summer heat receded. During the reign of King Renzong, the Hangzhou monk Dao Ping raised money to rebuild Tianlong Temple, and Guan Yunshi generously helped him and wrote the word “Mountain Boat” for Tianlong Temple.

Guan Yunshi self-named “sour fast”, his friend Xu Zaishi because of the sweet food, self-named “sweet fast”. Guan Yunshi and his friend Yang Chaoying out together, when the fun Guan Yunshi said cheekily: “Since I’m sour, you should be light.” Since then, Yang Chaoying really called himself “light Zhai”. Sour, sweet, light in the same life, singing a generation of bold and clear, envious of the next generation of people.

Ancient Chinese scribes always have a sad tone of autumn. But in the eyes of Guan acid Zhai, autumn has a different kind of interest. When he lived in Hangzhou in his later years, he wrote a famous song “Xiao Liangzhou – Autumn”: “Hibiscus reflecting water chrysanthemum yellow, full of autumn light, withered lotus leaf bottom heron hide. The golden breeze swirls and the fragrance of laurel branches floats. Looking up from the Leifeng Pagoda, I see the Yangtze River in Qiantang. The lake is clear, the tide of the river is rippling. The slanting moon by the field, two or three lines of new geese.”

The realm in the song is floating out of the dust, also like the acid Zhai himself indifferent to fame and fortune, fresh eyes, quiet, often with good intentions. The state of mind and the Yangtze River weather into one. The style of the song style fresh and bright, a change of the tone of the sad autumn, no sluggish scenery, the meaning of sadness.

Because he had visited famous places and written a lot, his reputation became more and more prosperous, and whenever he went to a place, “the scholars and scholars followed him like a cloud, and got his words and documents as if he had been given an arch. In order to avoid false fame, he then buried his name, easy to dress obscure traces. However, his lyrics and songs were as popular as the horses in the sky, and were popular among the public.

The Ming scholar Li Kaixian recorded an anecdote about Guan Yunshi in his “Lyrical Banter”. One day, several men in the county were swimming in the Tiger Run Spring. During the banquet, they filled out poems with the word “spring” as the rhyme. One of them was stammering, “Quan, Quan, Quan…”, but he couldn’t get it right. At that moment, an old man suddenly appeared and sang in response, “Spring, spring, spring, bursting pearls round and round. The jade axe hacked open the stubborn stone marrow, gold hooks out of the old dragon saliva.” The crowd was surprised and asked him, “Could you be Guan Zhai?” The old man replied, “Yes, yes, yes.” The crowd cheered and invited Guan Yunshi to have fun and drink with him, and returned only when they were drunk.

A Zen wind accompanied him to Yangzhou Ming Yue House to fill in the lyrics, to Huainan Lugang post inscription poetry, west of Dongting to visit the scenic spots, east of Putuo to watch the sunrise, he in the “moon bright Caishi miss Li Bai, sunset Changsha hanging Qu Yuan”. His wealthy body, literary and martial arts skills are not comparable to the love of his heart, the reed flower.

Guan Yunshi, who called himself “Daoist of the reed flower”, sang and walked all his life, just like the true feelings in his pen: “The breeze is like a cup of lotus leaves, the moon is like a reed flower, the quiet center of the universe is like water.” The heart is like water, not moved by the fame and fortune, full of a cavity of “smooth and elegant”, always embracing the spring breeze, but to the sky.