In December 1991, the former Soviet Union suddenly collapsed. The huge communist regime, which had lasted for 70 years, turned out to be like a thin sheet of paper and was reduced to ashes almost without seeing the flames. There is no record of resistance from party organizations and members at all levels.
Before its dissolution, the Soviet Communist Party was militaristic and fought on all sides to suppress the democratic movements in Europe, yet its strength was false.
“What communism? It’s just empty talk for the people.”
In his book “The Russians,” New York Times Moscow bureau chief Hedrick Smith, an American, writes that after Khrushchev’s criticism of Stalin, there was a “thaw” in the Soviet Union’s quest for democracy, but the repression and crackdown that followed Brezhnev’s rise to power made it seem like a return to the days of chanting communist hymns.
In fact, Smith argues, few people in the Soviet Union actually believed in communist ideology at the time. Brezhnev’s niece Lyuba published a memoir in which Brezhnev said to his brother, “What communism? It’s just empty words for the common people.” According to one Moscow scientist, ideology is nothing more than a cliché used to test loyalty to leaders and to deceive the grassroots.
In 1987, “Confessions,” a film that thoroughly debunked the communist faith, was released nationwide. In the film, Georgian director Chingiz Abuladze portrayed the 1930s governor Aravidze as a tyrant and liar who, after initially promising “paradise on earth” for his people, took power, brutalized his supporters, and sent his friends to concentration camps. After taking power, he brutalized his supporters and sent his friends to concentration camps. In his old age, he even tried to shoot the sun.
The public screening of “Confessions” provoked a strong reaction, and thousands of Soviets began to reflect on the sources and causes of the evil of communist totalitarianism. At that time, Soviet censorship still had unquestionable power, but officials were sloppy and sloppy, and there were always gaps in censorship.
Institutional Awakening and the Pinky Rebellion
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, a journalist asked Chingiz Abuladze why he made the film “Confession” in the first place, and he asked rhetorically, “This, isn’t it our responsibility?”
In fact, the institutional sobriety began in the Khrushchev era, with people talking about the Soviet Communist Party’s numerous crimes at the dinner table, the inability of the military and police agents to stop the people’s anger and the intellectual elite’s mockery, and the emergence of various manifestations of resistance to totalitarian power.
People counted the heinous crimes committed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Stalin.
In 1930, more than 60,000 first-class rich peasants were executed, 150,000 second-class rich peasants were exiled, and 800,000 third-class rich peasants were kicked out of their homes, for a total of more than 7.3 million rich peasants. The collectivization of agriculture directly led to a famine that killed 30 million people in the former Soviet Union, including Ukraine.
During his reign, Stalin’s purges killed 20 million people, imprisoned and forcibly relocated 20 million people in exile. Of the 6 marshals before the purge, 4 were executed; of 195 division commanders, 110 were executed; of 220 brigade commanders, 186 were executed. Only 1 commander of the naval fleet remained. The leaders of the Air Defense Board and the Chemical Defense Board were all purged to zero. On November 12, 1938 alone, 3,167 people were executed with the approval of Stalin and Molotov.
During the first two years of the Soviet Union’s collapse, people in major cities such as Moscow and Petersburg spontaneously piled up to discuss history and current events, mocking the Soviet Communist Party and its leaders, imitating their actions, postures, and words, often to great laughter. At the famous “Moscow Forum”, participants included the famous Sakharov as well as Len Karpinsky, the second generation Red.
“The youngest participant of the Moscow Forum, Girma, came from a red family, her father was an engineer in the system, her mother loved Stalin, and her family never read “reactionary” underground publications. It was this little pinkie who gradually awakened to the harsh truth and facts.
From his high school days, Jimma devoted himself to an unimportant but significant task at the time: to collect the names of the victims imprisoned and executed under Soviet rule, and to write down their names, dates of birth and death, and the facts of their persecution on a card. After his discharge from military service, Gyimah worked in the “library” of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union, which contained millions of files of “criminals,” and he used them to slowly accumulate his cards. He had already accumulated 200,000 cards, which became a folk memo documenting the evils of the Soviet Union.
These 200,000 cards reminded me of the list of Falun Gong practitioners who were persecuted to death by the CCP and the list of CCP evildoers who inflicted persecution, collected and published by Minghui.com over the past 22 years.
70 Years of Survival, 70 Years of Corruption
There is no doubt today that the Communist Party is corrupt. But the Communist Party has never stopped being corrupt from its birth to its death, which is still hard to believe for those who do not know the historical truth.
According to top-secret information from the Cheka archives of the former Soviet Union’s State General Department of Political Defense, on November 30, 1925, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union held a special meeting on the problem of embezzlement of public funds by cooperatives and disclosed that 47.8%-71.2% of the members of the management committees of the grassroots network of agricultural cooperatives were involved in stealing and embezzling public funds.
In Stalin’s time, the privileged corruption of cadres became institutionalized and legalized. Stalin created the “bureaucratic hierarchy of names” to buy and enlist supporters. This system provided Communist Party cadres from the central to the local level with special rights in six areas: housing, special food supplies, children’s education, domestic security, special bank accounts, and inheritance of property power. Stalin also implemented the infamous “money bag system,” in which senior leaders received, in addition to their regular salaries, one or more sealed envelopes containing cash once or several times a month, without knowing how much money each other had, and without being allowed to ask each other.
The party was also generous to the literary figures and actors who stood up for the party. The ballerina Ulanova personally had an unlimited bank account with unlimited money. When the French writer Romain Rolland visited Moscow in 1935, he was surprised to find that even the “great proletarian writer” Gorky lived in a splendid dacha, and that he had as many as 40 or 50 servants at his service.
The most unbearable thing for the people of the Soviet Union was the communist housing corruption: in 1926, the average housing area was only 5.9 square meters, while the maid of one of Stalin’s old comrades owned 20 square meters. In 1926, the housing area per capita was only 5.9 square meters, while the maid of one of Stalin’s old comrades had 20 square meters of housing. The aristocratic villas of Stalin, Voroshilov, Mikoyan and Molotov, the leaders of the country, were each like a magnificent playground, with a vast area and everything at the expense of the state. In 1925, in the Soviet district of Krasnopreston, 27,000 people were waiting in line for housing allocation every month, and only 50-60 people were able to get housing.
Stalin established institutional corruption, and Brezhnev led the way in family corruption. Brezhnev’s youngest son and son-in-law were both deputy ministry officials. Brezhnev also openly accepted expensive gifts, and in 1982 he visited Azerbaijan and accepted 16 jeweled necklaces from the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in a live broadcast to millions of television viewers.
On the eve of the collapse of the Soviet Union, inflation was as high as 2,000%, and potatoes and cucumbers, the most everyday foods for citizens, were scarce in farmers’ markets. In a poll conducted by the Siberian newspaper, 4% of the respondents answered that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union represented the interests of workers, 7% that it represented the people, 11% that it represented party members, and 85% that it represented people working in party organs.
The Soviet Communist Party has survived for 70 years and has been corrupt for 70 years. The Chinese Communist Party is by no means an exception. Next, let’s look at the scene before the end of the Soviet Communist Party: the withdrawal from the party.
Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, even the army was busy withdrawing from the party
Historians have found that 19 million members of the Soviet Communist Party were busy leaving the party before and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, with more than 5 million people leaving the party. And the Soviet army, which was said to be the most powerful in the world after World War II, totaled about 4 million. According to statistics, during the last period of the Soviet Union’s collapse, the number of Soviet army resignations accounted for nearly 80 percent of the total number of the army.
In the August 19, 1991, coup d’état, Air Force Commander Shaposhnikov made a public statement that he would not use force against the people, and the Navy Commander made a statement that he would not support the “State Emergency Committee” formed by the putschists. On August 21, Defense Minister Yazov finally told his deputy, “The army is no longer playing this game!”
On August 29, 1991, after the failed Paulist coup, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was banned from any activity. The Russian people started a de-communist movement. The writer Ivanov demanded that Yeltsin expose those who had a favorable view of communist ideas and resolutely remove them from state bodies, and that the main criterion for selecting state employees should be having anti-communist ideas. It was noted that the Communists had formed a new religion of evil in the country and had prescribed a code of conduct for people: worship and grovel to superiors; abhor suspicion of peers; and pressure to order subordinates.
Many former members of the Soviet Communist Party openly broke with the Communist Party, and people burned their membership cards in the streets. Many called for a major trial of the Communist Party similar to the Nuremberg Trials.
The script of history has many similar pages, and the CCP is not only repeating the corrupt, violent and lying rule of the Soviet Communist Party, but is also repeating the great wave of being quit before the overthrow of the party.
From the Soviet Communist Party to the Chinese Communist Party, history is repeating itself