Why Xi Jinping suddenly mentioned the Xiangjiang River fiasco

Xi Jinping’s recent trip to the south is very strange. When he arrived in Hainan, he did not really attend the Boao Forum, but only made a visual speech, but boarded the battleship of the South China Sea Fleet, and did not even eat Hainan chicken rice (the party media did not mention) before moving to Nanning, Guangxi, to Guilin to visit the Zhuang culture and to Quanzhou County, the Red Army Long March Xiangjiang Battle Memorial Park, and spoke some intriguing discouraging words.

He said that the battle of Xiangjiang River is a magnificent battle of the Red Army Long March, is an important historical event that determines the survival of the Chinese Revolution. The Red Army soldiers are as good as dead, to die and live, go forward, relying on the ideal belief. Why did the Chinese Revolution succeed? The secret is that the revolutionary ideal is higher than the sky and perseveres in the most difficult times so that it can keep achieving miraculous victories. We should have this kind of belief in winning to achieve the next hundred years of struggle and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. If the difficulties are great, think of the Long March of the Red Army and the bloody battle of Xiangjiang River.

What is the Battle of Xiangjiang River? The Chinese Communist Party changed its strategy to seize power by force from 1927 onwards, formed its own army, and established several military bases in the remote mountainous areas (mostly the border areas between provinces), the largest of which was the base in Jinggang Mountain, Jiangxi, occupied and developed by Mao Zedong. In 1931, the “Chinese Soviet Republic” was established here, with government organs, parliament and other organizations, and at its peak, it governed 21 counties, covering an area of about 50,000 square kilometers, with a population of 2.5 million.

The Nationalist government of the time would not tolerate the blatant military encirclement of the Communist Party and sent troops to besiege the area. By the end of 1934, the National Government sent millions of troops to encircle the Central Soviet Area (the Fifth Encirclement), and the CCP tried to break through the encirclement and advance into Guizhou to escape the government’s pursuit in the mountains. However, when they reached the Xiangjiang River, a large river flowing from Guangxi into Hunan, they encountered a severe attack by the government, and only 30,000 of their entire army of nearly 90,000 men broke through the blockade to save their lives, while the rest were buried in the Xiangjiang River, and the water was dyed red. Afterwards, local villagers said: three years without drinking Xiangjiang water, ten years without eating Xiangjiang fish. It can be seen its tragic!

To encourage cadres in desperate times seems to be a reference

It is clear that this is the first big defeat of the Red Army’s Long March, which left the Chinese Communist Party in a desperate situation. Some foreign media interpreted Xi Jinping’s remarks as a possible indication of his internal and external difficulties. The problem is, if it is just a personal speech, the official media will not be able to report it publicly.

According to the CCP’s propaganda and organizational discipline, the leaders’ itineraries are certainly carefully designed, and how they are reported, even their every word, has to be carefully considered. Xi’s remarks, which were publicly reported, should have been intended to tell the entire Party to keep the ideal of a century-long goal of Chinese rejuvenation in mind and to persevere despite the difficulties. The problem is that the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is just over two months away, and the CPC’s internal and external propaganda are all saying that the situation is rosy. Xi Jinping keeps emphasizing the need to have four self-confidences (road, theory, system and culture), and in internal meetings he even identifies the east is rising and the west is falling (Zhou Ye, a member of the party committee of Fudan University in Shanghai, said in a recent meeting that Xi urged officials late last year to “recognize The two sessions of this year showed that the world is on an even keel, and the economic performance is said to be very bright, and even the whole country has been lifted out of poverty, but at this time with such heavy words to admonish the whole party? Could it be that, under the superficial scenery of War Wolf and the great internal and external propaganda, the CCP is facing many difficulties not known to outsiders, or even in a desperate situation like the Red Army in the Battle of Xiangjiang River?

There are many signs that the manufacturing industry is hollowing out, the population is declining and aging rapidly, there is a net outflow of population from the northeast and Shenzhen, consumption growth is slowing down, and local debts are huge, all of which are great internal worries. But the bigger crisis comes from the rapid deterioration of the external environment. The U.S., Japan and Taiwan relations have also been heating up recently, and the U.S., British, French and German aircraft carriers and warships have come to the South China Sea. Beijing is eager to upgrade its relations with Russia.

There is no way to say which specific issue has caused Xi Jinping to suddenly feel this sense of crisis and give this perplexing lecture to the whole party.