The two sessions of the Communist Party of China (CPC) recently released the draft of the 14th Five-Year Plan, revealing its plans and ambitions in science and technology and industrial strategies. The photo shows military police patrolling near the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
The two sessions of the Communist Party of China (CPC) recently released a draft of the 14th Five-Year Plan, revealing its plans and ambitions in science and technology and industrial strategy, and leaking the “2025” plan that was previously under siege by the United States. is making a comeback. However, the newly released 14th Five-Year Plan may also pave the way for the U.S. to follow the trail and sanction those companies that help the Chinese Communist Party.
China’s “2025” is making a comeback
On March 5, the Communist Party of China’s two sessions were authorized to release the draft outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan, and to “significantly jump” in scientific and technological strength, “to achieve major breakthroughs in key core technologies, and to enter the forefront of innovative countries “, as one of the main objectives of the 14th Five-Year Plan.
Among the 17 draft outlines of the 14th Five-Year Plan released by the CPC, three separate articles are devoted to science and technology and industrial strategies, including “insisting on innovation-driven development to comprehensively shape new advantages in development”, “accelerating the development of modern industrial system to consolidate and strengthen the foundation of the real economy”, “accelerating digital development to build a digital China”.
The science and technology strategy proposed in the draft of the 14th Five-Year Plan of the Communist Party of China is a rehash and update of Made in China 2025. (Screenshot from the Chinese Communist Party’s Xinhua website)
Compared with the “14th Five-Year Plan Proposal (full text)” released last November, “Accelerating Digital Development and Building Digital China” is a new chapter added to the 14th Five-Year Plan.
The draft outline in the “science and technology frontier areas of research” column proposed “a new generation of artificial intelligence, quantum information, integrated circuits, brain science and brain-like research, genes and biotechnology, clinical Medicine and health, deep space and deep sea and polar exploration” and other eight major Forward-looking areas.
A comparison of these draft outlines shows that there is a subtle connection between the science and technology and industrial strategies proposed in the 14th Five-Year Plan of the CPC and the Made in China 2025, which has disappeared in recent years.
The “Made in China 2025” (“2025”) proposed by the CPC in 2015 established ten key areas, including a new generation of information and communication technology industry, high-grade CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transportation equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, electric power equipment, agricultural equipment, new materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical devices. .
Comparing the eight frontier areas proposed in the 14th Five-Year Plan with the ten key areas of the 2025, it can be seen that although there may seem to be differences between the two, the new areas of the 14th Five-Year Plan are the focus of the breakthrough development of the CPC 2025 – for example “Quantum Information”, “Integrated Circuits” and “Brain Science”, among others.
The Communist Party of China State Council released “Made in China 2025” on May 8, 2015 (screenshot from the official website of the Communist Party of China State Council)
For example, the “Made in China 2025” (Guo Fa  No. 28) released by the State Council of the Communist Party of China on May 8, 2015 (original text), in the topic of “vigorously promoting the development of breakthroughs in key areas”, it is proposed that “actively promote the development of quantum computing, neural networks, etc. “; and the new “14th Five-Year Plan” proposed “quantum information” “brain science and brain-like research” and other areas, is clearly an extension of the above objectives of “2025”. The new areas of “quantum information” and “brain science and brain-like research” proposed in the 14th Five-Year Plan are obviously an extension of the above objectives of the 2025.
Screenshot of the “Made in China 2025” document (screenshot from the official website of the State Council of the Communist Party of China)
Integrated circuits” (commonly known as chips) are not only a key target of “2025” to strengthen the industrial base, but also an area where the Chinese Communist Party is most interested in breaking through after repeatedly being hit by the U.S. core-cutting.
The “2025” document in the “industrial strengthening project” column, 2025, “70% of the core basic components, key basic materials to achieve independent security”. On this basis, the 14th Five-Year Plan will be “integrated circuits” as one of the eight frontier areas of key breakthroughs.
And “2025” was deleted areas, either is merged into other names, such as “aerospace equipment”, “marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships”, “advanced rail transportation equipment The areas that have been deleted are either merged under other names, such as “aerospace equipment”, “marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships”, “advanced rail transportation equipment”, etc., and incorporated into “deep space, deep earth, deep sea and polar exploration”; or they are no longer the focus of the CPC, such as new energy vehicles and electric power equipment.
In short, the science and technology and industrial strategy proposed in the 14th Five-Year Plan is an updated version of the CCP’s 2025.
The “14th Five-Year Plan” to strengthen civil-military integration Analysis: hidden biochemical warfare killing machine
It is worth mentioning that the draft outline of “Accelerating National Defense and Army Modernization” (original text) released in the 14th Five-Year Plan has significantly increased the weight of civil-military integration compared to the “Recommendations (full text)” released in November last year.
The outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan “Accelerating the Modernization of National Defense and the Military” has increased the weight of civil-military integration. The picture is a screenshot of the draft document (screenshot from Xinhua, the Communist Party’s media)
The draft outline than the chapter in last year’s proposal, the following new content.
“Deepen the synergistic innovation of military and civilian science and technology, strengthen the integrated development of the military and civilian in marine, space, cyberspace, biology, new energy, artificial intelligence and quantum science and technology, promote the sharing of resources between military and local research facilities, and promote the two-way transformation and application of military and local research results and the development of key industries.”
“Strengthen the joint training of military and local talents, and improve the exchange and use of military and local talents, qualification and certification systems.”
The CPC has made meeting national defense construction and promoting military-civilian integration the guiding ideology and basic principles of 2025. The picture is a screenshot of the document “2025” (screenshot from the official website of the State Council of the Communist Party of China)
And the official document of 2025 shows that the CCP has made meeting national defense construction and promoting civil-military integration as one of the guiding ideology and basic principles of 2025.
Comparing the two, we can see that the new emphasis on “military-civilian science and technology” and “military-civilian talents” in the draft outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan is the embodiment of the development principles of national defense construction and military-civilian integration in the Communist Party’s 2025.
Current affairs commentator Li Linyi analyzed this issue, saying that although the Communist Party of China has rarely mentioned Made in China 2025 in recent years due to the heavy blow from the Trump administration, the draft outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan shows that the 2025 has not only been revived but also strengthened in the 14th Five-Year Plan. He believes that the Chinese Communist Party’s intention to confront the U.S. is more obvious by blatantly launching a renovated and strengthened version of the 2025 in the 14th Five-Year Plan.
Li Linyi also pointed out that although the U.S. government has already sanctioned many Chinese private companies involved in civil-military integration, the CCP clearly wants to strengthen civil-military integration in the 14th Five-Year Plan, and will kidnap more private companies to participate in the future.
Li Linyi also expressed concern that the CCP’s 14th Five-Year Plan will strengthen the “integrated military-civilian development” such as biotechnology, and he is worried that the CCP may see the destructive power of the new Epidemic and promote the “integrated military-civilian development”. “The U.S. government has long suspected that the Chinese Communist Party’s military is involved in the development of biochemical weapons. The U.S. government has long suspected that the Wuhan Institute of Virus Research, which cooperated with the Chinese military, had researched and leaked the New Crown virus (COVID), which eventually led to a global pandemic.
The “14th Five-Year Plan” Leaks China’s Chip Ambitions Media Exposes Core-Building Campaign as a “Core Fraud” Farce
One of the key objectives of the 14th Five-Year Plan of the Chinese Communist Party and one of the core technologies it wants to break through is chips (integrated circuits). The CCP has already spent a lot of money in the chip field before the two sessions.
On March 1, 2021, the State Council Information Office held a conference on the development of industry and information technology. Pictured is a screenshot of the conference press release. (Screenshot from the official website of the State Council of the Communist Party of China)
On March 1, the Minister of Industry and Information Technology said at a State Council press conference that efforts should be made to solve the “neck” problem, focusing on key areas such as integrated circuits. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said “the Chinese government will give strong support at the national level” to optimize and improve the environment and policies for the development of the chip industry.
On March 2, the State Council Information Office held a press conference in Beijing on “Promoting the high-quality development of the banking and insurance industry” (Screenshot from the official website of the State Council of the Communist Party of China)
On March 2, Zhao Huan, chairman of the State Development Bank of China (CDB), introduced at a State Council press conference that more than 400 billion yuan (RMB) of loans will be arranged for strategic emerging industries and manufacturing industries this year, with one of the priorities of support being integrated circuits (chips).
Zhao Huan said that China Development Bank “has successfully completed the first phase of investment in the National Industrial Fund for Integrated Circuits” and “has also participated in the establishment of the second phase of the National Investment Fund for Integrated Circuits, raising 200 billion yuan”.
On March 3, Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone Lingang New Area released a special plan for IC industry (2021-2025) (screenshot)
On March 3, the new Lingang Pilot Free Trade Zone in Shanghai released a special plan for the IC industry (2021-2025), which plans to break through 100 billion yuan by 2025, and make breakthroughs in the industrialization of key “neck” technologies such as EDA tools, photoresists and large silicon wafers.
Although the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has launched a campaign to build cores and listed chips as an important goal of the 14th Five-Year Plan, more and more media reports have revealed that the CCP’s chip plan has degenerated into a “core fraud” farce.
The Voice of America reported on March 6 that Wuhan Hongxin’s 100 billion dollar “core fraud” project has come to an end, and that the CCP’s chip plan is a replica of the national “steel-making” project. Caixin.com reported on Feb. 26 that Wuhan Hongxin issued a notice of employee severance on the same day. Hongxin was officially established in November 2017 in Wuhan’s East-West Lake District, with a claimed total investment of RMB 128 billion.
According to the report, the paralysis of the Hongxin project highlights the risks posed by the Chinese Communist Party’s policy of fostering the technology industry, which could be followed by more similar scams; after the U.S. limited and cut off the supply of high-end chips, China’s nationwide rush into the chip industry has become a replica of the “great steel-making” in Xi Jinping‘s new era.
According to Chinese media last October, in more than a year’s Time, six $10 billion-plus semiconductor projects in China have been halted; in addition to Wuhan Hongxin, there are Nanjing Deco Code, Chengdu Gexin, Shaanxi Kuntong, Jiangsu Huaian Dehuai Semiconductor and Guizhou Huaxintong.
According to the Nikkei Asia (Nikkei Asia) reported on February 28 (original article), in response to the pressure of the United States to cut off the supply of chips, Chinese chip makers are snapping up used photolithography machines, and led to a sharp rise in prices. Photolithography is the key equipment for manufacturing chips.
The report said that the older generation of photolithography machines are not subject to the U.S. government’s export ban, so ushered in the Chinese buyers snapping up. Chinese buyers appear to be buying up 90 percent of the inventory, and prices for used lithography machines have risen 10-fold since 2008, Nikkei Asia quoted industry sources as saying.
According to a report by the mainland media Tiger.com, senior industry sources revealed that SMIC can buy almost all other lithography models, including DUV (deep ultraviolet) lithography, except EUV (extreme ultraviolet) lithography.
EUV lithography is currently the most sophisticated lithography machine, and only one company in the world – the Dutch lithography giant ASML (Asmac) can manufacture it. Because of the U.S. ban, ASML is currently unable to export EUV lithography to Communist Party-controlled mainland China. SMIC, China’s largest chipmaker whose major shareholders are all state-owned, was sanctioned last December after the U.S. government deemed it to be under the control of the Chinese Communist Party’s military.
The U.S. sanctioned companies related to key areas of the Chinese Communist Party
The U.S. media recently revealed how the U.S. government targets companies for sanctions in the face of opaque Chinese Communist Party rule.
The Wall Street Journal reported on March 5 (original article) that U.S. Defense Department documents show that the company was placed on a Jan. 14 “military-related blacklist” because Xiaomi President Lei Jun was honored by the Chinese Communist Party in 2019.
Screenshot of the 2019 list of “Outstanding Builders of the Socialist Cause with Chinese Characteristics” (Screenshot from the website of the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China)
In 2019, the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other organizations named Xiaomi President Lei Jun and 100 other private enterprise owners as “Excellent Builders of Socialist Cause with Chinese Characteristics”. Meanwhile, Xiaomi plans to invest more than 50 billion yuan in 5G and artificial intelligence projects, which the U.S. Department of Defense considers to be a priority for the Chinese Communist Party’s military and a “focus of the military-civilian integration strategy,” so it blacklisted Xiaomi.
Xiaomi was included in the U.S. “military-related blacklist” on Jan. 14, along with eight other Chinese companies, including SMIC, Guangdong Gao Yun Semiconductor, China Commercial Aircraft, China Aviation Group and Da Xinhua Airlines. According to the list, the U.S. government sanctioned a group of Chinese companies mainly in the chip and aviation sectors, which are also the focus of the Communist Party’s “2025” and civil-military integration.
On December 18 last year, the U.S. Department of Commerce blacklisted more than 60 Chinese companies, including SMIC, drone company DJI, Wuxi Sino-German United Biotechnology, China Scientific Equipment Corporation, which is part of the Chinese Communist Party’s State Pharmaceutical Group, and Shenzhen Guangqi Group, for trade controls. The U.S. Department of Commerce cited these Chinese companies for helping the Chinese Communist Party commit massive human rights abuses “through the misuse of genetic collection and analysis or high-tech surveillance,” and for their ties to the Chinese military.
On Nov. 12, 2020, President Trump banned U.S. investment in 31 Chinese companies owned or controlled by the Communist Party’s military, including huawei, Sinochem, China Telecom, China Mobile, Hikvision and China Aviation Industry Corporation, effective Jan. 11 of this year. The New York Times reported on Nov. 13 last year that the U.S. government had imposed sanctions on Xi Jinping’s “military-civilian integration” strategy, which uses private and state-owned enterprises to support military and intelligence activities.
The U.S. government announced in late May last year that it would suspend the entry of Chinese scholars and foreign students associated with the Communist Party’s “civil-military integration strategy” into the United States as of June 1 of that year.
The U.S. government has been accusing the CCP of using national strategies such as “2025” and civil-military integration to improperly gain economic, technological and military advantages in an attempt to export the CCP’s ideology and influence to the world.
In October 2019, 28 Chinese entities were blacklisted by the U.S. Department of Commerce for sanctions, including three companies, including Shang Tang, Kuangwei and Itu, leaders of China’s CV (computer vision, or CV) industry. 2020 In May 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce released another batch of entities on the list, adding CloudTech, Qihoo 360 In May 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce released another batch of entity list, adding 33 Chinese entities (including individuals) such as CloudTech, Qihoo 360, and Fiberhome Technology.
The four leading image (face) recognition companies are also leaders in the artificial intelligence (AI) industry, so they are also known as the CCP’s “Four Little Dragons of AI. “.
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, the “Four Little Dragons of AI” were sanctioned by the U.S. for their involvement in “human rights violations and abuses, including oppression, mass arbitrary detention, and high-tech surveillance” of the Chinese Communist Party.
According to Voice of America on August 29, 2020, the U.S. sanctions disrupt the Chinese Communist Party’s “road to AI power” and have long-term implications for China’s AI industry. The supply of chips is becoming increasingly tight, from the four AI dragons to Huawei, and the financing channels for the CCP’s AI industry have also been hit hard, making it more difficult for companies to raise shares for IPO and financing.
For example, Kuangvision, one of the “Four Little Dragons of AI”, originally submitted its prospectus to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in August 2019, but after it was blackballed by the U.S. in October, Kuangvision’s plan to go public in Hong Kong collapsed and its overseas financing was nearly cut off. According to public reports in the mainland media, Kuangwei Technology and Shangtang Technology, both of the four little dragons of AI, are now planning to list on the China Science and Technology Board for initial public offerings (IPOs).
Artificial intelligence (AI) is listed as the number one priority in the frontier technology sector in the latest 14th Five-Year Plan of the Chinese Communist Party.
U.S. Joins Allies to Fight CCP’s Tech Ambitions
The Wall Street Journal reported on March 2 (Original post) that the Biden administration has described the U.S.-China relationship as a clash between the values of democracy and autocracy, and is joining forces with allies to counter the Chinese Communist Party’s technological ambitions.
According to the China Daily report, preliminary conversations have begun between the U.S. and its democratic allies to join forces to jointly develop technologies to stay ahead of the Chinese Communist Party in semiconductors, artificial intelligence and other advanced fields that promise to define the economic and military future.
A senior administration official said the U.S. plans to organize different alliances, such as one focused on artificial intelligence that could include Israel, whose researchers are considered a leader in the field, and one involving export controls that could include India. To encourage allies, the U.S. government may not make public the participation of these countries. Areas where alliances may be formed include export controls, technology standards, quantum computing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, 5G telecommunications and rules for surveillance technology.
Last October, the White House released the National Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies, announcing that it would combat the practice of Communist China, Russia and other countries “stealing technology, undermining market fairness, and secretly transferring emerging civilian technologies to build their military power” in the high-tech sector. The 20 technology areas listed by the White House include artificial intelligence, energy, quantum information science, communications and network technology, semiconductors, military and space technology.
In January, the U.S. government created an Office of Artificial Intelligence specifically to address the challenge of Chinese Communist AI.
Last June, the U.S. government formed the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) with the Group of Seven (G7), as well as Australia, South Korea, Singapore, Mexico, India, Slovenia and the European Union. “Last June, the U.S. formed the Global Partnership for Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) with the G7, as well as Australia, Singapore, Mexico, India, Slovenia and the EU, and declared its “support for responsible and human-centered artificial intelligence. The Chinese Communist Party has been criticized by Western countries for allegedly violating human rights norms in the development of artificial intelligence.
According to commentator Li Linyi, the White House’s science and technology strategy overlaps highly with the CCP’s “2025”, military-civilian integration, and “14th Five-Year Plan” strategies, reflecting the U.S. government’s intensified efforts to counter and combat the CCP in the field of science and technology. The U.S. has joined hands with free countries to develop science and technology, including the development of “trusted” AI, in an obvious attempt to counter the CCP’s technological ambitions.
Li Linyi pointed out that the 14th Five-Year Plan released by the CCP not only reveals its technological, industrial and military ambitions, but also gives the U.S. government clues to follow the trail and sanction participating Chinese companies.