The recent drought in Yunnan Province has been severe in many places, with reservoirs and water ponds having dried up to the bottom and schools having lost water. The province’s water supply is affected by more than 45,000 people.
“Spring City Evening News” WeChat public number on March 4 news, emergency! Many places in Yunnan are suffering from drought. Kunming, Qujing, Dali, Honghe, Zhaotong, Baoshan and Yuxi are experiencing different degrees of drought. At present, there are still days before the arrival of the rainy season, the relevant departments call on the public to save water.
Some reservoirs and ponds in Qujing, Yunnan, have seen a significant decrease in water storage, with some of the reservoirs and ponds in the West River Reservoir near the Xishan area of Qujing Economic Development Zone drying up; the water storage in the Miandian Reservoir has dropped significantly.
In Zhaotong, as of March 1, there are different degrees of meteorological drought south of Wulianfeng to Luoze River. Among them, the area of special meteorological drought is about 190 square kilometers, mainly concentrated in the town of Menggu in Qiaojia County, near the town of Yakou and Daxing in Yongsan County; the area of severe meteorological drought is about 639 square kilometers, mainly concentrated in the central part of Zhaoyang District, along the Jinsha River in Yongsan County and the southern part of Qiaojia County and the central part of Daguan County; the area of moderate meteorological drought is about 804 square kilometers, mainly concentrated in the majority of Zhaoyang District, the eastern part of Ludian County, the southern part of Lushan County and the southern part of Daguan County. The area of moderate meteorological drought is about 804 square kilometers, mainly concentrated in most of Zhaoyang District, eastern Ludian County, southern Yongshan County and southern Qiaojia County, central Daguan County and central Yiliang County.
The drought in Xiangyun County is serious, and the supply of drinking water in some areas is strained. The rainfall in the county in the past two months is only 14 mm, which is nearly half of the amount in the same period last year. However, with the start of the spring crop planting period, the county will enter the peak of water consumption for agricultural production, and the county will have a water shortage of about 43 million cubic meters this year. There are transient water shortage difficulties for 5,500 people and 4,420 head of livestock in 9 village committees of 2 market towns in Puluo Township and Luming Township.
Local officials said that since the end of last year, most of Qujing has experienced low precipitation, high temperatures and high evaporation, leading to a drop in reservoir water levels.
Kunming Flood and Drought Control Office said that as of Feb. 19, the city had received 17.6 millimeters of rainfall, nearly 71 percent less than the 59.6 millimeters received during the same period last year. The city’s reservoirs do not have enough incoming water to replenish, and the water storage in the major water supply reservoirs is not enough.
Dali Prefecture is also plagued by the problem of insufficient rainfall, with the least amount of rainfall for the same period in the past eight years. According to statistics, from November 1 last year to February 24 this year, the average precipitation in Dali Prefecture was 17.9 mm, 56 mm less than the same period in previous years and 70 mm less than the same period last year, and currently three counties and cities, including Xiangyun, Yongping and Eryuan, are experiencing drought conditions, with nearly 2.6 hectares of crops suffering from drought.
During the traditional Chinese New Year, the water level line of the Delta Sea Reservoir in Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province was far below the usual position. Villagers next to the reservoir claimed that it was the lowest water level line in years.
The Lugum Reservoir in Beige Township, Kaiyuan City, is the highest small reservoir in Honghe Prefecture, but the reservoir storage has been at an extremely low level, only one-tenth of the normal storage, according to the water pipe manager. In Shiping Isolong Lake, the silt rarely seen in previous years has been exposed due to the lowered water level, and the local people have been able to walk directly into the lake in recent times in the wetlands on the north shore.
The drought has even affected the supply of drinking water to primary and secondary schools as well as residential houses. Yunnan Yuxi Bo Yi Primary School and Tonghai County Hexi Middle School are all without water due to the drought.
In addition, all five counties and urban areas in Baoshan City are experiencing different degrees of drought, and the situation is more serious in Longyang District and Longling County. Longyang District was affected by 26.95 million mu of small spring crops, of which 0.98 million mu were Food crops and 17.15 million mu were cash crops. In addition, there are about 20,646 people in the whole district who have difficulties in drinking water due to drought.
The water from the Qing Shi Yan water source in Banqiao Luozhai Village of Jinji Township’s Jinji Water Plant was reduced by three-fourths and failed to supply water normally, affecting 12,000 people at the water plant. In Daojie Village and Bathing Pond Village of Lujiang Township, the amount of water from the water source was drastically reduced, causing drinking water difficulties for more than 8,000 people in the two villages, and water could only be supplied at different times.