On Wednesday (3), the Biden Administration released the Interim National Security Strategic Guidance, declaring that the United States will work with other nations to shape new norms and agreements that will strengthen America’s enduring advantage and ensure that the United States, not the authoritarian Chinese Communist Party, sets the international agenda.
The Interim National Security Strategy Outline (hereafter referred to as the Strategy Outline) became a hallmark symbol of the Biden Administration prior to the release of the larger U.S. Security Goals Framework report this year. The last formal National Security Strategy report was released in 2017 under President Trump‘s administration.
Biden’s priorities have similarities to Trump’s, including identifying the Chinese Communist Party as a strategic competitor in most areas.
The Biden administration pledged, “We will ensure that the United States, not the CCP, sets the international agenda, working with other nations to shape new global norms and agreements that advance our interests and reflect our values.” On issues related to international engagement, trade and dealing with an increasingly authoritarian Chinese Communist Party, the White House said U.S. economic security will be at the center of its decision-making.
In the Strategic Outline, the White House emphasized that “the most effective way for the United States to overcome a more arbitrary and authoritarian Chinese Communist Party in the long term is to invest in our people, our economy and our democracy.”
The White House retained Trump’s high tariffs on the Chinese Communist Party, maintained U.S. sanctions on Iran, and added rules for buying American goods.
The Strategic Outline reaffirms that the United States will reinvigorate its relationships with allies and partners around the world and that “we will strengthen and defend an unparalleled network of allies and partners and make smart defense investments, while we also deter Chinese Communist aggression and address threats to our collective security, prosperity, and democratic way of Life.”
In the outline, the White House states that it will protect its allies: “We will support the CCP’s neighbors and business partners by defending their independent political rights from coercion or undue foreign influence.”
The Strategic Outline also emphasizes that the United States will keep its long-standing commitment to support democratic Taiwan as an important economic and security partner. “We will ensure that U.S. companies do not sacrifice American values when doing business in China. We will support democracy, human rights and human dignity, including in Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet. On all of these issues, we will work to develop a common approach with like-minded countries.”
The Strategic Framework is intended to communicate the administration’s strategic approach and core priorities of national security policy, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said at a daily press briefing.
It describes the changing strategic landscape facing the United States today and identifies our nation’s core long-term interests, including protecting the security of the American people, expanding economic prosperity and opportunity, and achieving and defending the democratic values that are at the heart of the American way of life,” Psaki said. “
Beijing has been eager to restart U.S.-China relations, but Biden said he wants to engage in “extreme competition” with the Communist Party while leaving room for cooperation on issues such as climate change and global health security.