The Truth About the U.S. Army’s Unnamed Battle of Sangam Ridge in the Archives

During the Korean War, in which the Chinese Communist Party helped the invaders in North Korea, there was a battle that the Chinese Communist Party’s media had been bragging about, and even made into a movie: the Battle of Shanganling. The movie “Shanganling” not only distorted the facts, but also deluded countless Chinese people, and lamentably, its director was later branded as a “rightist”, and because of this, the movie was stopped during the Cultural Revolution. The most surprising thing is that the name of the Battle of Shanganling, which the Chinese Communist Party boasted about, is not found in the public archives of the United States at all.

The Truth about the Battle of Shanganling

According to the mainland media, the main content of the red movie “Shangganling” is that in the fall of 1952, the “American invaders” launched a massive attack near the “38th parallel” during the recess of the Panmunjom negotiations in an attempt to seize the Shangganling position and then capture Mount Wu Sheng In the meantime, the “invaders” launched a large-scale attack near the “38th parallel” in an attempt to seize the Shanggan-ryeong position, and then capture the Wusong Mountain, and obtain by force what they could not get at the negotiating table. “The 8th Company of a division of the Chinese People’s Volunteers, led by company commander Zhang Zhongfa, fought off more than 20 attacks by the enemy and held on to the position in Shangganling under difficult conditions such as lack of water and Food. Under difficult conditions such as lack of water and food, they held on for 24 days, thus winning Time and enabling the Chinese and North Korean troops to win the big attack. The “U.S. aggressors” were forced to sit down again for negotiations and signed the armistice agreement “inexorably”, and the Korean people got peace.

According to the mainland Baidu encyclopedia, “During the Battle of Shanganling, the U.S. Army mobilized more than 60,000 troops, 300 artillery pieces, 170 tanks, and 3,000 aircraft sorties, and poured more than 1.9 million artillery rounds and 5,000 bombs on the two companies of the ‘Volunteers’ in a position of about 3.7 square kilometers. more than 5,000 bombs. The intensity of the battle was unprecedented, especially the density of artillery firepower, which exceeded the highest level of World War II. The world-famous Battle of Shanganling lasted for 43 days, with the enemy and I repeatedly fighting for positions 59 times, repelling more than 900 enemy charges and finally forcing the UN forces to stop the attack.

However, the Battle of Shangganling is just another lie that the Chinese Communist Party boasts of to deceive the nation. The battle was only a feint of the Battle of Baimasan. The reason why the U.S. Army launched the Battle of Shanganling was to relieve the pressure on the more strategically important Bema Mountain defense. The Chinese Communist forces did not completely occupy Shanganling until after the U.S. forces changed the defenses of Shanganling to the Korean forces.

In the meantime, however, the U.S. forces achieved their goal of consolidating the strategically important Baengmashan. The Baekma Hill position was taken from the 42nd Chinese Communist Army by the 9th Korean Division after the UN forces launched their fall offensive in the fall of 1951, when the 42nd Army had counterattacked but ultimately ended in defeat. The Chinese Communist Army suffered 423 deaths, while the Korean Army suffered just over 30 casualties.

In the fall of 1952, the 9th Korean Division again defeated the siege of the 38th Army, the “ace army” of the Chinese Communist Party, against Baekma Mountain, killing and wounding more than 15,000 Chinese Communist soldiers, while suffering less than 4,000 casualties of its own. The 9th Korean Division became known as the “White Horse Unit” after the war, and its chief of staff, Park Chung-hee, later became president of the Republic of Korea.

U.S. military files have no claim of a deadly attack on Shanganling

According to a January 2015 article on the mainland portal NetEase Military, in December 2014, Qiao Liang, a professor at the National Defense University of the Communist Party of China, wrote that decades after the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement, researchers at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, who tried to recreate the Battle of Sangan Ridge, which led directly to the Panmunjom ceasefire agreement, using computer simulations, could not figure it out. And there are articles that say that the U.S. Army was so scared of being beaten at Shanganling that they named it “Heartbreak Ridge”. The Battle of Shanganling was therefore listed as the most famous military case in the world by the West Point Military Academy, and became the only Chinese battle case included in the textbooks of American military academies.

However, the truth is that the terms Shanganling and “Jinhua Offensive” are completely absent from the U.S. Army’s war history, and only appear in Chinese war history data. The terms “Jinhua offensive” are not mentioned at all in Chinese war history. The Battle of Shanganling, as promoted by the Chinese Communist Party, was merely a component of the “Battle of Baimashan,” which might be described in written terms as a large, high-intensity battle in a tactical attack or counterattack. In addition, the only record that corresponds to the timing of the Battle of Sangan Ridge is the one code-named “Showdown (Oct. 14-24, 1952)” in the public records of the U.S. Army.

As for the Chinese Communist Party’s war history article, it is nonsense to say that Shanganling was the “Heartbreak Ridge” of the U.S. Army and that the battle was listed as the most famous battle case by West Point. The U.S. Army’s “Heartbreak Ridge” was in eastern Korea, and the battle took place in September 1951 when a journalist witnessed the battle on this peak and called out the name Heart Break Ridge. The battle took place in 1952, and the battle was fought in the middle of Korea, about 50 kilometers away.

In addition, would West Point include in its textbooks a battle that is not even named in U.S. archives?

The truth about other major battles

In addition to the Battle of Sangam Ridge, there were several major battles in Korea in which the Chinese Communist Party either suffered heavy defeats or the “victories” it boasted did not match the reality. For example, in the Battle of Changjin Lake in November 1950, the Chinese Communist Party’s 10-division ace force, despite its superior strength, allowed a division of U.S. Marines to stand out, and the U.S. Marines inflicted 10 times the losses on the Chinese Communist Party’s ace force. The Chinese Communist Party boasted that the so-called total annihilation of a regiment was just the total annihilation of three battalions from different regiments and the regimental headquarters of the 8th Regiment of the 1st Cavalry Division, which was blown up as the total annihilation of a regiment because of the capture of the regimental flag, and said that the U.S. Army cancelled the regimental number for this reason. The truth is that after the Korean War, the U.S. Army streamlined the command level and abolished regiments throughout the army, keeping only the number. The 8th Regiment still exists today on the 1st U.S. Cavalry Division webpage!

Then there was the Battle of Bupyung-ri in February 1951, where the U.S. Freeman Regiment plus a French battalion an artillery battalion and a tank squadron, using sea of fire tactics against sea of men, heavily damaged 8 regiments of the 39th, 40th and 42nd Armies, the main force of the Chinese Communist Party, with 8 regiments suffering upwards of 5,000 casualties. The 40th Army alone suffered 1,830 casualties in the three regiments that participated in the attack, with almost all of the Chinese Communist soldiers in the 3rd Battalion of the 359th Regiment killed and only a few hundred American troops killed in action.

In April 1951, in the Fifth Battle, the U.S. forces also inflicted heavy losses on the three Chinese Communist regiments commanded by Chen Gung. After the battle, Peng Dehuai reported in a telegram to Mao Zedong that “the three regiments had suffered heavy losses and were fleeing in all directions, attempting to return to the country, and were now being sent in separate routes to block their return.

It can be said that the Chinese Communist Party, which attempted to help unify the Korean peninsula, not only lost its troops in the war, but was also forced to sign an armistice agreement without taking the slightest advantage. On the contrary, the Chinese Communist Party and the Korean People’s Army were not only driven back to the 38th parallel, but also lost 1,500 square miles of land compared to the area before the war, as well as a natural gas-rich area.

If, according to the Chinese Communist Party, it was the Chinese Communist Party that participated in the war and won the battles of Shangganling and other battles, why did the armistice agreement turn out to be like this? Isn’t this something for the country to ponder?

The director of the movie of the same name became a “rightist” and was suspended from the Cultural Revolution

The movie “Shangganling” was made in 1956 and directed by Sharmon and Lin Shuan. Lin Suan was the screenwriter and first-time director of the film, so the main director of the film was Sha Meng. In 1946, he joined the Chinese Communist Party. After the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party, he first worked as a director in Changping, and in addition to Shangganling, he also made red films such as Zhao Yiman.

After the anti-rightist movement started in 1957, he was branded as a rightist and ordered to give an account of his examination at a criticism meeting, and was also disqualified from directing, and in 1960, he was transferred from Changfeng to Beijng, and died in Beijing in June 1964 at the age of 57.

What Shamong did not expect was that his death would not mean the end of everything. In the early 1970s, the Communist Party of China (CPC) celebrated the “Twenty Years of Resistance to the U.S. and the People’s Republic of China” by selecting five feature films with its theme for public re-release, among which was “Shangganling”. Although Shamong had already died, the relevant authorities weighed his experience as a “rightist” and eventually took “Shangganling” off the screen, releasing another film instead. The ban was not lifted until after the end of the Cultural Revolution.


It is a little known fact that the “great” war against the U.S. and North Korea, which the Chinese Communist Party has always touted to the people of China, was based on numerous lies, one of which was the Battle of Shanganling. What did the Chinese people get out of this war that helped the invaders, besides the many innocent Chinese soldiers who died unjustly in foreign lands?