Armenia and Azerbaijan sign ceasefire deal, leading to protests and celebrations

Armenia and Azerbaijan announced a ceasefire agreement on Tuesday (November 10, 2020) to end the six-week-old conflict in the Na-Ka region. At least 1,300 people have died in the war.

Under the terms of the agreement, Russia said on Tuesday that it had begun sending some 2,000 peacekeeping troops to the region. The peacekeepers plan to stay there for five years.

Several past ceasefire agreements have ended in failure, but in the days leading up to the latest agreement, Azerbaijani forces scored some major victories, including their claimed seizure of the strategic town of Shusha on Sunday.

The new agreement allows Azerbaijan to maintain control over the areas it has occupied since the conflict began in late September.

The Na-Ka region is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but has been under ethnic Armenian control.

Armenian Prime Minister Pashinian said that the signing of the peace agreements was “an unspeakable pain for me personally and for our people”, and that he made the move after “an in-depth analysis of the military situation”.

In Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, there was an angry reaction to the signing of the peace agreements. Hundreds of protesters gathered in front of the Government building, chanting that they would not give up the Naqqa region. A number of people stormed the parliament building and demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Pashinian.